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Unit 58. Verb + -ing or to ... 3 (like / would like etc.)




Unit 58; Part A

galka.jpgLike / love / hate
When you talk about repeated actions, you can use -ing or to ... after these verbs. So you can say:

    Do you like getting up early?    or   Do you like to get up early?
    Stephanie hates flying.   
or   Stephanie hates to fly.
    I love meeting people.
   or   I love to meet people.
    I don't like being kept waiting.   
or    ... like to be kept waiting.
    I don't like friends calling me at work.  
  or   ... friends to call me at work.

but
(1) We use -ing (not to ...) when we talk about a situation that already exists (or existed).
For example:
    Paul lives in Berlin now. He likes living there.  (He likes living in Berlin = He lives there and he likes it)
    Do you like being a student?  (You are a student - do you like it?)
    The office I worked in was horrible. I hated working there.
  (I worked there and I hated it)

(2) There is sometimes a difference between I like to do and I like doing:

I like doing something = I do it and I enjoy it:
    I like cleaning the kitchen.  (= I enjoy it.)

I like to do something
= I think it is a good thing to do, but I don't necessarily enjoy it:
    It's not my favourite job, but I like to clean the kitchen as often as possible.

Note that enjoy and mind are always followed by -ing (not to ...):

    I enjoy cleaning the kitchen.  (not I enjoy to clean)
    I don't mind cleaning the kitchen.  (not I don't mind to clean)

Unit 58; Part B

galka.jpgWould like / would love / would hate / would prefer
Would like / would love
etc. are usually followed by to ... :
    I'd like (= would like) to go away for a few days.
    Would you like to come to dinner on Friday?
    I wouldn't like to go on holiday alone.
    I'd love to meet your family.
    Would you prefer to have dinner now or later?

Compare I like and I would like
(I'd like):
    I like playing tennis. / I like to play tennis.  (= I like it in general)
    I'd like to play tennis today. 
(= I want to play today)

Would mind
is always followed by -ing (not to ...):

    Would you mind closing the door, please?

Unit 58; Part C

galka.jpgI would like to have done something = I regret now that I didn't or couldn't do it:

    It's a pity we didn't see Val when we were in London. I would like to have seen her again.
    We'd like to have gone away, but we were too busy at home.

You can use the same structure after would love / would hate / would prefer:

    Poor old David! I would hate to have been in his position.
    I'd love to have gone to the party, but it was impossible.



Exercises

flag.jpgWrite sentences about yourself. Say whether you like or don't like these activities. Choose one of these verbs for each sentence:
Key.Example answers:
2    I don't mind playing cards.
3    I don't like being alone.   or ... to be alone.
4    I enjoy going to museums.
5    I love cooking.   or    I love to cook.

 
like / don't like    love       hate     enjoy      don't mind
 
1    (fly)     I don't like flying.      or      I don't like to fly.   
2    (play cards)  ___________________________________
3    (be alone)  ___________________________________
4    (go to museums)  ___________________________________
5    (cook)  ___________________________________
flag.jpgMake sentences from the words in brackets. Use -ing or to ... . Sometimes either form is possible.
Key.2   She likes teaching biology.
3    He likes taking photographs. or   He likes to take photographs.
4    I didn't like working there.
5    She likes studying medicine.
6    He doesn't like being famous.
7    She doesn't like taking risks. or She doesn't like to take risks.
8    I like to know things in advance.


1    Paul lives in Berlin now. It's nice. He likes it.
      (he / like / live / there)     He likes living there.   
2    Jane is a biology teacher. She likes her job.
      (she / like / teach / biology)  She ______________________
3    Joe always carries his camera with him and takes a lot of photographs.
      (he / like / take / photographs) ______________________
4    I used to work in a supermarket. I didn't like it much.
      (I / not / like / work / there) ______________________
5    Rachel is studying medicine. She likes it.
      (she / like / study / medicine) ______________________
6    Dan is famous, but he doesn't like it.
      (he / not / like / be / famous) ______________________
7    Jennifer is a very cautious person. She doesn't take many risks.
      (she / not / like / take / risks) ______________________
8    I don't like surprises.
      (I / like / know / things / in advance) ______________________
flag.jpgComplete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, -ing or to ... . In one sentence either form is possible.
Key.2    to sit
3    waiting
4    going    or    to go
5    to get
6    being
7    to come / to go
8    living
9    to talk
10    to have / to know / to get / to hear / to be told


1    It's good to visit other places - I enjoy   travelling   .
2    'Would you like _______________ down?'   'No, thanks. I'll stand.'
3    I'm nor quite ready yet. Would you mind _______________ a little longer?
4    When I was a child. I hated _______________ to bed early.
5    When I have to catch a train. I'm always worried that I'll miss it. So I like _______________ to the station in plenty of time.
6    I enjoy _______________ busy. I don't like it when there's nothing to do.
7    I would love _______________ to your wedding, but I'm afraid it isn't possible.
8    I don't like _______________ in this part of town. I want to move somewhere else.
9    Do you have a minute? I'd like _______________ to you about something.
10  If there's bad news and good news. I like _______________ the bad news first.
flag.jpgWrite sentences using would ... to have (done). Use the verbs in brackets.
Key.2    I would like/I'd like to have seen the programme.
3    I would hate / I'd hate to have lost my watch.
4    I would love / I'd love to have met your parents.
5    I wouldn't like to have been alone.
6    I would prefer / I'd prefer to have travelled by train.  or  I would have preferred to travel ...


1    It's a pity I couldn't go to the wedding. (like)
         I woud like to have gone to the wedding.   
2    It's a pity I didn't see the programme.  (like)
      _________________________________________
3    I'm glad I didn't lose my watch.  (hate)
      _________________________________________
4    It's a pity I didn't meet your parents.  (love)
      _________________________________________
5    I'm glad I wasn't alone.  (not/ like)
      _________________________________________
6    It's a pity I couldn't travel by train.  (prefer)
      _________________________________________


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