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Unit 55. Verb (+ object) + to ... (I want you to ... etc.)




Unit 55; Part A

galka.jpg
want
expect  
ask
beg  
help
mean (= intend)
would like
would prefer
              
These verbs are followed by to ... (infinitive). The structure can be:

verb + to ...
or 
verb + object + to ...
    We expected to be late.
    Would you like to go now?
    He doesn't want to know.
      We expected Dan to be late.
    Would you like me to go now?
    He doesn't want anybody to know.
      
Do not say 'want that':

    Do you want me to come with you?  (not Do you want that I come)

After help you can use the infinitive with or without to. So you can say:

    Can you help me to move this table?    or   Can you help me move this table?

Unit 55; Part B

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tell 
remind  force
encourage
teach
enable
order
warn
invite
persuade
get (= persuade, arrange for)
                                 
These verbs have the structure verb + object + to ... :

•    Can you remind me to phone Sam tomorrow?
•    Who taught you to drive?
    I didn't move the piano by myself. I got somebody to help me.
    Jim said the switch was dangerous and warned me not to touch it.


In the next example, the verb is passive
(I was warned / we were told etc.):
    I was warned not to touch the switch.

You cannot use suggest with the structure verb + object + to ... :

    Jane suggested that I should ask your advice,  (not Jane suggested me to ask)

Unit 55; Part C

galka.jpgAfter advise, recommend and allow, two structures are possible. Compare:
verb + -ing (without an object)  verb + object + to ... 
    I wouldn't advise/recommend staying in that hotel.
     I wouldn't advise/recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.
    They don't allow parking in front of the building.      They don't allow people to park in front of the building. 

Study these examples with (be) allowed (passive):
 
    Parking isn't allowed in front of the building.       You aren't allowed to park in front of the building. 

Unit 55; Part D

galka.jpgMake and let
These verbs have the structure
verb + object + infinitive (without to):
    I made him promise that he wouldn't tell anybody what happened.  (not to promise)
    Hot weather makes me feel tired.  (= causes me to feel tired)
    Her parents wouldn't let her go out alone.  (= wouldn't allow her to go out)
    Let me carry your bag for you.

We say 'make somebody do'
(not to do), but the passive is '(be) made to do' (with to):
    We were made to wait for two hours.  (= Thev made us wait ...)



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the questions. Use do you want me to ... ? or would you like me to...?  with these verbs (+ any other necessary words):
Key.2    or do you want me to lend you some
3    or would you like me to shut it
4    or would you like me to show you
5    or do you want me to repeat it
6    or do you want me to wait

 
 come       lend        repeat       show       shut        wait
 
 
1    Do you want to go alone, or  do you want me to come with you?   
2    Do you have enough money, or do you want ________________________________?
3    Shall I leave the window open, or would you ________________________________?
4    Do you know how to use the machine, or would ________________________________?
5    Did you hear what I said, or do ________________________________?
6    Can I go now, or do ________________________________?
flag.jpgComplete each second sentence so that the meaning is similar to the first sentence.
Key.2    I didn't expect it to rain.
3    Let him do what he wants.
4    Tim's glasses make him look older.
5    I want you to know the truth.
6    Remind me to phone my sister.
7    Sarah persuaded me to apply for the job.
8    My lawyer advised me not to say anything to the police.
9    I was warned not to believe everything he says.
10  Having a car enables you to get around more easily.

1    My father said I could use his car.
2    I was surprised that it rained.
3    Don't stop him doing what he wants.
4    Tim looks older when he wears glasses.
5    I think you should know the truth.
6    Don't let me forget to phone my sister. 
My father allowed  me to use his car.   
I didn't expect _____________________
Let ______________________________
Tim's glasses make ________________
I want ___________________________
Remind __________________________
7    At first I didn't want to apply for the job,
      but Sarah persuaded me. 
Sarah persuaded __________________
_________________________________
8    My lawyer said I shouldn't say
      anything to the police. 
My lawyer advised _________________
_________________________________ 
9    I was told that I shouldn't believe everything he says.  I was warned ______________________
10  If you've got a car, you are able to get around more easily.  Having a car enables ________________ 

flag.jpgPut the verb into the correct form: infinitive (do/make/eat etc.), to + infinitive, or -ing.
Key.2    to go
3    to do
4    cry
5    to study
6    eating
7    read
8    to make
9    think


1    They don't allow people    to park    in front of the building.  (park)
1    I've never been to Iceland, but I'd like _____________ there.  (go)
3    I'm in a difficult position. What do you advise me _____________?  (do)
4    The film was very sad. It made me _____________. (cry)
5    Diane's parents always encouraged her _____________ hard at school.  (study)
6    I don't recommend _____________ in that restaurant. The food is terrible.  (eat)
7    She said the letter was personal and wouldn't let me _____________ it.  (read)
8    We are not allowed _____________ personal phone calls at work.  (make)
9    'I don't think Alex likes me.'    'What makes you _____________ that?'  (think)


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