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Unit 78. Names with and without the 2




Unit 78; Part A


galka.jpgNames without the
We do not use the with names of most city streets/roads/squares/parks
etc. :
    Wall Street (not the ...)      Fifth Avenue       Hyde Park
    Queens Road                           Broadway           Times Square


Names of important public buildings and institutions
(for example, airports, stations, universities) are often two words:
    Manchester Airport        Harvard University

The first word is the name of a place ('Manchester') or a person ('Harvard'). These names are usually without the. In the same way, we say:
    Victoria Station (not the ...)      Canterbury Cathedral       Edinburgh Castle
    Buckingham Palace                      Cambridge University       Sydney Harbour


Compare:

   Buckingham Palace (not the ...)    but   the Royal Palace
   
('Royal' is an adjective - it is not a name like 'Buckingham'.)

Unit 78; Part B


galka.jpgMost other buildings have names with the. For example:

hotels/restaurants    the Sheraton Hotel, the Bombay Restaurant, the Holiday Inn
theatres/cinemas     the Palace Theatre, the Odeon (cinema)
museums/galleries   the Guggenheim Museum, the Hayward Gallery
other buildings         the Empire State (Building), the White House, the Eiffel Tower

We often leave out the noun:

     the Sheraton (Hotel)        the Palace (Theatre)        the Guggenheim (Museum)

Some names are only the + noun,
for example:
      the Acropolis        the Kremlin        the Pentagon

Unit 78; Part C


galka.jpgNames with of usually have the. For example:

      the Bank of England          the Museum of Modern Art
      the Great Wall of China      the Tower of London

Note that we say:

      the University of Cambridge    but    Cambridge University (without the)

Unit 78; Part D


galka.jpgMany shops, restaurants, hotels, banks etc. are named after the people who started them. These names end in -'s or -s. We do not use the with these names:
       Lloyds Bank (not the ...)        Brown's Restaurant        Macy's (department store)

Churches are often named after saints:

        St John's Church (not the St Johns Church)       St Patrick's Cathedral

Unit 78; Part E


galka.jpgMost newspapers and many organisations have names with the:

newspapers      the Washington Post, the Financial Times, the Sun
organisations   the European Union, the BBC (= British Broadcasting Corporation)
                      the Red Cross


Names of companies, airlines
etc. are usually without the:
    Fiat (not the Fiat)     Sony       British Airways
    Kodak                            IBM        Yale University Press



Exercises

flag.jpgWhere are the following? Use the where necessary.
Key.2    The Eiffel Tower
3    Buckingham Palace
4    The White House
5    The Kremlin
6    Broadway
7    The Acropolis
8    Garwick Airport

 
Acropolis      Broadway          Buckingham Palace     Eiffel Tower
Kremlin        White House      Gatwick Airport            Times Square
 
1      Times Square  is in New York.  
2      ______________ is in Paris.  
3      ______________ is in London.  
4      ______________ is in Washington.
5      ______________ is in Moscow.
6      ______________ is in New York.
7      ______________ is in Athens.
8      ______________ is near London.
flag.jpgChoose the correct form, with or without the.
Key.2    Hyde Park
3    St James's Park
4    The Grand Hotel ... Baker Street
5    Dublin Airport
6    Liverpool University
7    Harrison's
8    the Ship Inn
9    The Statue of Liberty ... New York Harbour
10  the Science Museum
11  IBM ... British Telecom
12  The Classic
13  the Great Wall
14  The Herald.
15  Cambridge University Press


1    Have you ever been to British Museum / the British Museum?  (the British Museum is correct)
2    Hyde Park / The Hyde Park is a very large park in central London.
3    Another park in central London is St James's Park / the St James's Park.
4    Grand Hotel / The Grand Hotel is in Baker Street / the Baker Street.
5    Dublin Airport / The Dublin Airport is situated about 12 kilometres from the city centre.
6    Frank is a student at Liverpool University / the Liverpool University.
7    If you're looking for a department store, I would recommend Harrison's / the Harrison's.
8    If you're looking for a place to have lunch, I would recommend Ship Inn / the Ship Inn.
9    Statue of Liberty / The Statue of Liberty is at the entrance to New York Harbour / the New York Harbour.
10  You should go to Science Museum / the Science Museum. It's very interesting.
11  John works for IBM / the IBM now. He used to work for British Telecom / the British Telecom.
12  'Which cinema are you going to this evening?'   'Classic / The Classic'
13  I'd like to go to China and see Great Wall / the Great Wall.
14  'Which newspaper do you want?'    'Herald / The Herald.'
15  This book is published by Cambridge University Press / the Cambridge University Press.



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