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Unit 74. The 2 (school / the school etc.)




Unit 74; Part B


galka.jpgWe use prison, hospital, university, college and church in a similar way. We do not use the when we are thinking of the general idea of these places and what they are used for. Compare:
    Ken's brother is in prison for robbery.
      (He is a prisoner. We are not thinking of a specific prison.)
    Ken went to the prison to visit his brother.
     (He went as a visitor, not as a prisoner.)
    Joe had an accident last week. He was taken to hospital. He's still in hospital now.  (as a patient)
    Jane has gone to the hospital to visit Joe. She's at the hospital now.  (as a visitor)
    When I leave school, I want to go to university/college.
    Excuse me, where is the university, please?  (= the university buildings)
    Sally's father goes to church every Sunday. (to a religious service) 
    Some workmen went to the church to repair the roof.  (not for a religious service)

With most other places, you need the. For example, the cinema, the bank
(see Unit 72C and Unit 73D).

Unit 74; Part C


galka.jpgBed    work    home
We say go to bed / be in bed etc. (not the bed):
    It's time to go to bed now.
    Do you ever have breakfast in bed?

but     I sat down on the bed (a specific piece of furniture)

go to work / be at work / start work / finish work
etc. {not the work):
    Chris didn't go to work yesterday.
    What time do you usually finish work?


go home / come home / arrive home / get home / be at home
etc. :
    It's late. Let's go home.
    Will you be at home tomorrow afternoon?

Unit 74; Part D


galka.jpgWe say go to sea / be at sea (without the) when the meaning is 'go/be on a voyage':

    Keith works on ships. He is at sea most of the time.
but       I'd like to live near the sea.
    It can be dangerous to swim in the sea.



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete each sentence using a preposition (to/at/in etc.) + one of these words:
Key.2    to school
3    at home
4    to work
5    in hospital
6    at university
7    in bed
8    to prison

 
bed        home       hospital        hospital       prison       school       university       work
 
1    Two people were injured in the accident and were taken    to hospital.   
2    In Britain, children from the age of five have to go ______________.
3    Mark didn't go out last night. He stayed ______________.
4    There is a lot of traffic in the morning when everybody is going ______________.
5    Cathy's mother has just had an operation. She is still ______________.
6    When Julia leaves school, she wants to study economics ______________.
7    Bill never gets up before 9 o'clock. It's 8.30 now, so he is still ______________.
8    If you commit a serious crime, you could be sent ______________.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with the word given (school etc.). Use the where necessary.
Key.1    с   school
      d   school
      e   ... get home from school ... The school isn't very-far.
      f    school
      g   the school
2    a   university
      b   university
      c   the university
3    a   hospital
      b   the hospital ... the hospital
      с    hospital
4    a   church
      b   church
      с   the church
5    a   prison
      b   the prison
      с   prison
6    a   bed
      b   home
      с    work
      d   bed
      e   work
      f    work
7    a    the sea
      b   sea
      с   the sea


1    (school)
      a   Every term parents are invited to   the school   to meet the teachers.
      b   Why aren't your children at   school   today? Are they ill?
      с   When he was younger, Ted hated ____________.
      d   What time does ____________ usually start in the mornings in your country?
      e   A: How do your children get home from ____________? By bus?
           B: No, they walk. ____________ isn't very far.
      f   What sort of job does Jenny want to do when she leaves ____________?
      g  There were some people waiting outside ____________ to meet their children.
2    (university)
      a   In your country do many people go to ____________?
      b   If you want to get a degree, you normally have to study at ____________.
      с   This is only a small town, but ____________ is one of the biggest in the country.
3    (hospital)
      a   My brother has always been very healthy. He's never been in ____________.
      b   When Ann was ill, I went to ____________ to visit her. When I was there, I met Lisa who is a nurse at ____________.
      с   Peter was injured in an accident and was kept in ____________ for a few days.
4    (church)
      a   John's mother is a regular churchgoer. She goes to ____________ every Sunday.
      b  John himself doesn't go to ____________.
      с   John went to ____________ to take some photographs of the building.
5    (prison)
      a   In some places people are in ____________ because of their political beliefs.
      b   A few days ago the fire brigade were called to ____________ to put out a fire.
      с   The judge decided to fine the man £500 instead of sending him to ____________.
6    (home/work/bed)
      a    I like to read in ____________ before I go to sleep.
      b    It's nice to travel around, but there's no place like ____________!
      с    Shall we meet after ____________ tomorrow evening?
      d    If I'm feeling tired, I go to ____________ early.
      e    What time do you usually start ____________ in the morning?
      f    The economic situation was very bad. Many people were out of ____________.
7    (sea)
      a   There's a nice view from the window. You can see ____________.
      b   It was a long voyage. We were at ____________ for four weeks.
      с   I love swimming in ____________.


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Деловой английский все чаще используется не только в международных, но и в российских компаниях. В последние годы курсы делового английского превратились в необходимую составляющую профессионального и карьерного роста.