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Unit 89. Both / both of, neither / neither of, either / either of



Unit 89; Part A


galka.jpgWe use both/neither/either for two things. You can use these words with a noun (both books, neither book etc.).
For example, you are going out to eat. There are two possible restaurants. You say:
      Both restaurants are very good.  (not The both restaurants)
      Neither restaurant is expensive.
      We can go to either restaurant. I don\'t mind.
(either = one or the other, it doesn\'t matter which one)

Unit 89; Part B


galka.jpgBoth of ... / neither of ... / either of ...
We use
both of / neither of / either of +  the / these / my / Tom\'s ... etc. So we say \'both of the restaurants\', \'both of those restaurants\' etc. (but not both of restaurants):
      Both of these restaurants are very good.
      Neither of the restaurants we went to was (or were) expensive.
      I haven\'t been to either of those restaurants. 
(= I haven\'t been to one or the otherl

You don\'t need of after both.
So you can say:
      Both my parents are from London.  or  Both of my parents ...

You can use both of/ neither of / either of + us / you / them:

      (talking to two people)  Can either of you speak Spanish?
      I asked two people the way to the station, but neither of them could help me.

You must say \'both of\' before us / you / them:

      Both of us were very tired.  (not Both us were ...)

After neither of ... a singular or a plural verb is possible:
      Neither of the children wants
(or want) to go to bed.

Unit 89; Part C


galka.jpgYou can also use both / neither / either alone, without a noun:

      I couldn\'t decide which of the two shirts to buy. I liked both(or I liked both of them)
      \'Is your friend British or American?\'    \'Neither. She\'s Australian.\'
      \'Do you want tea or coffee?\'    \'Either. I don\'t mind.\'

Unit 89; Part D


galka.jpgYou can say:
both ... and ...

      Both Chris and Pat were late.
      I was both tired and hungry when I arrived home.
neither ... nor ...   
  
      Neither Chris nor Pat came to the party.
      Tom said he would contact me, but he neither wrote nor phoned.
either ... or ...

      I\'m not sure where Maria\'s from. She\'s either Spanish or Italian.
      Either you apologise or I\'ll never speak to you again.

Unit 89; Part E


galka.jpgCompare either / neither / both (two things) and any / none / all (more than two):

      There are two good hotels here.
        You could stay at either of them.

      There are many good hotels here.
        You could stay at any of them.

      We tried two hotels.
         Neither of them had any rooms.
         Both of them were full.
      We tried a lot of hotels.
         None of them had any rooms.
         All of them were full.


Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences with both/neither/either.
Key.2    Neither
3    both
4    Either
5    Neither


1    \'Do you want tea or coffee?\'    \'   Eather  . I really don\'t mind.\'
2    \'What day is it today - the 18th or the 19th?\'    \'_______________. It\'s the 20th.\'
3    A: Where did you go for your holidays - Scotland or Ireland?
      B: We went to _______________. A week in Scotland and a week in Ireland.
4    \'When shall I phone, in the morning or afternoon?\'    \'_______________. I\'ll be in all day.\'
5    \'Where\'s Liz? Is she at work or at home?\'    \'_______________. She\'s away on holiday.\'
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with both/neither/either. Use of where necessary.
Key.2    either
3    both
4    Neither of
5    neither driver ... both / both the / both of the cars
6    both / both of


1       Both    my parents are from London.
2    To get to the town centre, you can go along the footpath by the river or you can go along the road. You can go ________ way.
3    I tried twice to phone George, but ________ times he was out.
4    ________ Tom\'s parents is English. His father is Polish and his mother is Italian.
5    I saw an accident this morning. One car drove into the back of another. Fortunately ________ driver was injured, but ________ cars were badly damaged.
6    I\'ve got two sisters and a brother. My brother is working, but ________ my sisters are still at school.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with both/neither/either + of us/them.
Key.2    either of them
3    both of them
4    neither of us
5    neither of them


1    I asked two people the way to the station, but    neither of them   could help me.
2    I was invited to two parties last week, but I couldn\'t go to _________________.
3    There were two windows in the room. It was very warm, so I opened _________________.
4    Sarah and I play tennis together regularly, but _________________ can play very well.
5    I tried two bookshops for the book I wanted, but _________________ had it.
flag.jpgWrite sentences with both ... and ... / neither... nor ... / either ... or... .
Key.3    Both Joe and Sam are on holiday.
4    Neither Joe nor Sam has (got) a car.
5    Brian neither watches TV nor reads newspapers.
6    The film was both boring and long.
7    That man\'s name is either Richard or Robert.
8    I\'ve got neither the time nor the money to go on holiday.
9    We can leave either today or tomorrow.


1    Chris was late. So was Pat.
        Both Chris and Pat were late.  
2    He didn\'t write and he didn\'t phone.
         He neither wrote nor phoned.   
3    Joe is on holiday and so is Sam.
      ______________________________
4    Joe hasn\'t got a car. Sam hasn\'t got one either.
      ______________________________
5    Brian doesn\'t watch TV and he doesn\'t read newspapers.
      ______________________________
6    It was a boring film. It was long too.
      The film ______________________________
7    Is that man\'s name Richard? Or is it Robert? It\'s one of the two.
      That man\'s name ______________________________
8    I haven\'t got time to go on holiday. And I haven\'t got the money.
      I\'ve got ______________________________
9    We can leave today or we can leave tomorrow - whichever you prefer.
      We ______________________________
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with neither/either/none/any.
Key.2    either
3    any
4    none
5    any
6    either
7    neither


1    We tried a lot of hotels, but    none   of them had any rooms.
2    I took two books with me on holiday, but I didn\'t read ___________ of them.
3    I took five books with me on holiday, but I didn\'t read ___________ of them.
4    There are a few shops at the end of the street, but ___________ of them sells newspapers.
5    You can phone me at ___________ time during the evening. I\'m always at home.
6    I can meet you next Monday or Friday. Would ___________ of those days be convenient for you?
7    John and I couldn\'t get into the house because ___________ of us had a key.



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