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Unit 88. All / all of, most / most of, no / none of etc.



Unit 88; Part B


galka.jpg
all    some    any    most    much/many    little/few    half     none

You can use the words in the box with of
(some of / most of etc.).
We use some of / most of / none of etc. + the/this/that/these/those/my ... etc. So you can say 'some of the people', 'some of those people' (but not 'some of people'):
       Some of the people I work with are not very friendly.
       None of this money is mine.
       Have you read any of these books?
       I was sick yesterday. I spent most of the day in bed.


You don't need of after all or half.
So you can say:
       All my friends live in Los Angeles.   or   All of my friends ...
       Half this money is mine.  
or   Half of this money ...

Compare:
       All flowers are beautiful.  (= all flowers in general)
         All (of) the flowers in this garden are beautiful.  (= a specific group of flowers)
       Most problems have a solution.  (= most problems in general)
          We were able to solve most of the problems we had (= a specific group of problems)

Unit 88; Part C


galka.jpgYou can use all of / some of / none of etc. + it/us/you/them:

       'How many of these people do you know?'    'None of them. / A few of them.'
       Do any of you want to come to a party tonight?
       'Do you like this music?'    'Some of it. Not all of it.'

We say:
all of us / all of you / half of it / half of them etc. You cannot leave out of before it/us/you/them:
       All of us were late.  (not all us)
       I haven't finished the book yet. I've only read half of it
(not half it)

Unit 88; Part D


galka.jpgYou can also use some/most etc. alone, without a noun:

       Some cars have four doors and some have two.
       A few of the shops were open, but most (of them) were closed.
       Half this money is mine, and half (of it) is yours. 
(not the half)


Exercises

flag.jpgPut in of where necessary. Leave the space empty if the sentence is already complete.
Key.3    -
4    of
5    -
6    -
7    of
8    of
9    - (of is also correct)
10  -


1    All   -   cars have wheels.  (the sentence is already complete.)
2    None    of    this money is mine.
3    Some _____ films are very violent.
4    Some _____ the films I've seen recently have been very violent.
5    Joe never goes to museums. He says that all _____ museums are boring.
6    I think some _____ people watch too much television.
7    'Are any _____ those letters for me?'     'No, they're all for me.'
8    Kate has lived in London most _____ her life.
9    Jim has lived in Chicago all _____ his life.
10  Most _____ days I get up before 7 o'clock.
flag.jpgChoose from the list and complete the sentences. Use of (some of/ most of etc.) where necessary.
Key.3    of my spare time
4    accidents
5    of the buildings
6    of her friends
7    of the population
8    birds
9    of the players
10  of her opinions
11  European countries
12  (of) my dinner

 
accidents    
birds
cars
European countries    
her friends
her opinions
my dinner
my spare time    
the buildings
the players
the population
these books
 
1    I haven't read many    of these books   .   
2    All    cars    have wheels.
3    I spend much ___________ gardening.
4    Many ___________ are caused by bad driving.
5    It's a historic town. Many ___________ are over 400 years old.
6    When she got married, she kept it a secret. She didn't tell any ___________.
7    Not many people live in the north of the country. Most ___________ live in the south.
8    Not all ___________ can fly. For example, the penguin can't fly.
9    Our team played badly and lost the game. None ___________ played well.
10  Julia and I have very different ideas. I don't agree with many ___________.
11  Sarah travels a lot in Europe. She has been to most ___________.
12  I had no appetite. I could only eat half ___________.
flag.jpgUse your own ideas to complete these sentences.
Key.2    the time
3    my friends
4    (of) the questions
5    the photos / the photographs / the pictures
6    (of) the money


1    The building was damaged in the explosion. All    the windows   were broken.
2    We had a very lazy holiday. \X'e spent most of ______________ on the beach.
3    I went to the cinema by myself. None of ______________ wanted to come.
4    The test was difficult. I could only answer half ______________.
5    Some of ______________ you took at the wedding were very good.
6    'Have you spent all ______________ I gave you?'    'No, there's still some left.'
flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use: all of / some of / none of + it / them / us (all of it / some of them etc.)
Key.2    All of them
3    none of us
4    some of it
5    none of them
6    None of it
7    Some of them
8    all of it


1    These books are all Jane's.   None of them    belong to me.
2    'How many of these books have you read?'    '_________________. Every one.'
3    We all got wet in the rain because _________________ had an umbrella.
4    Some of this money is yours and _________________ is mine.
5    I asked some people for directions, but _________________ was able to help me.
6    She invented the whole story from beginning to end. _________________ was true.
7    Not all the tourists in the group were Spanish. _________________ were French.
8    I watched most of the film, but not _________________.



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