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Unit 82. Myself / yourself / themselves etc.



Unit 82; Part A


galka.jpgStudy this example:82.1.jpg


The reflexive pronouns are:
singular:  myself          yourself (one person)                         himself/herself/itself
plural:     ourselves     yourselves (more than one person)     themselves
       I don't want you to pay for me. I'll pay for myself (not I'll pay for me)
       Julia had a great holiday. She really enjoyed herself.
       Do you talk to yourself sometimes?
  (said to one person)
       If you want more to eat, help yourselves.  (said to more than one person)

Compare:
       It's not our fault. You can't blame us.
       It's our own fault. We should blame ourselves.

Unit 82; Part B


galka.jpgWe do not use myself etc. after feel/relax/concentrate/meet:
  
    I feel nervous. I can't relax.
       You must try and concentrate.
  (not concentrate yourself)
       What time shall we meet?  (not meet ourselves, not meet us)

We normally use wash/shave/dress without myself
etc. :
       He got up, washed, shaved and dressed (not washed himself etc.)
You can also say get dressed (He got dressed).

Unit 82; Part C

82.2.jpggalka.jpgCompare -selves and each other:                                                                          

       Kate and Joe stood in front of the mirror and looked at themselves.  (= Kate and Joe looked at Kate and Joe)
       Kate looked at Joe; Joe looked at Kate. They looked at each other.

You can use one another instead of each other:

       How long have you and Bill known each other?    or    ... known one another?
       Sue and Ann don't like each other.    or    ... don't like one another.
       Do you and Sarah live near each other?    or    ... near one another?

Unit 82; Part D


galka.jpgWe also use myself/yourself etc. in another way. For example:
       'Who repaired your bike for you?'   'I repaired it myself.'
I repaired it myself = I repaired it, not anybody else. Here, myself is used to emphasise 'I' (= it makes it stronger).

Some more examples:
       I'm not going to do your work for you. You can do it yourself(= you, not me)
       Let's paint the house ourselves. It will be much cheaper.
       The film itself wasn't very good, but I loved the music.
       I don't think Liz will get the job. Liz herself doesn't think she'll get it.
  (or Liz doesn't think she'll get it herself.)

 



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using myself/yourself etc. + the following verbs (in the correct form):
Key.2    hurt himself
3    blame herself
4    Put yourself
5    enjoyed themselves
6    burn yourself
7    express myself

 
blame        burn        enjoy        express        hurt        introduce        put
 
1    Steve    introduced himself    to the other guests at the party.
2    Bill tell down some steps, but fortunately he didn't _________________________.
3    It isn't Sue's fault. She really shouldn't _________________________.
4    Please try and understand how I feel _________________________ in my position.
5    The children had a great time at the beach. They really _________________________.
6    Be careful! That pan is very hot. Don't _________________________.
7    Sometimes I can't say exactly what I mean. I wish I could _________________________ better.
flag.jpgPut in myself/yourself/ourselves etc. or me/you/us etc.
Key.2    me
3    myself
4    us
5    yourself
6    you
7    ourselves
8    themselves
9    them


1    Julia had a great holiday. She enjoyed    herself   .   
2    It's not my fault. You can't blame _________.
3    What I did was really bad. I'm ashamed of _________.
4    We've got a problem. I hope you can help _________.
5    'Can I take another biscuit?'    'Of course. Help _________!'
6    You must meet Sarah. I'll introduce _________ to her.
7    Don't worry about us. We can look after _________.
8    I gave them a key to our house so that they could let _________ in.
9    I didn't want anybody to see the letters, so I burned _________.
flag.jpgComplete these sentences. Use myself/yourself etc. only where necessary. Use the following verbs (in the correct form):
Key.2    feel
3    dried myself
4    concentrate
5    defend yourself
6    meeting
7    relax
8    wash

 
concentrate        defend        dry        feel        meet        relax    shave       wash
 
1    Martin decided to grow a beard because he was fed up with   shaving  .
2    I wasn't very well yesterday, but I ____________ much better today.
3    I climbed out of the swimming pool and ____________ with a towel.
4    I tried to study, but I couldn't ____________.
5    If somebody attacks you, you need to be able to ____________.
6    I'm going out with Chris this evening. We're ____________ at 7.30.
7    You're always rushing around. Why don't you sit down and ____________.
8    There was no water, so we couldn't ____________.
flag.jpgComplete the sentences with -selves or each other.
Key.2    themselves
3    each other
4    each other
5    themselves
6    each other
7    ourselves
8    each other
9    introduced ourselves to each other


1    How long have you and Bill known   each other  ?
2    If people work too hard, they can make ____________ ill.
3    I need you and you need me. We need ____________.
4    In Britain friends often give ____________ presents at Christmas.
5    Some people are very selfish. They only think of ____________.
6    Tracy and I don't see ____________ very often these days.
7    We couldn't get back into the house. We had locked ____________ out.
8    They've had an argument. They're not speaking to ____________ at the moment.
9    We'd never met before, so we introduced ____________ to ____________.



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