Unit 92. Relative clauses 1: clauses with who / that / which
|Look at this example sentence:|
| • An architect is someone who designs buildings.|
• What was the name of the person who phoned you?
• Anyone who wants to apply for the job must do so by Friday.
You can also use that (instead of who), but you can't use which for people:
• The woman that lives next door is a doctor. (not the woman which)
Sometimes you must use who (not that) for people - see Unit 95.
|When we are talking about things, we use that or which (not who) in a relative clause:|
| • I don't like stories that have unhappy endings. (or stories which have ...)|
• Barbara works for a company that makes furniture. (or a company which makes furniture)
• The machine that broke down is working again now. (or The machine which broke down)
That is more usual than which, but sometimes you must use which - see Unit 95.
What = 'the thing(s) that'. Compare what and that:
• What happened was my fault. (= the thing that happened)
• Everything that happened was my fault. (not Everything what happened)
• The machine that broke down is now working again. (not The machine what broke down)
Remember that in relative clauses we use who/that/which, not he/she/they/it:
• I've never spoken to the woman who lives next door. (not the woman she lives)
|In this exercise you have to explain what some words mean. Choose the right meaning from the box and then write a sentence with who. Use a dictionary if necessary. |
Key.2 A burglar is someone who breaks into a house to steal things.
3 A customer is someone who buys something from a shop.
4 A shoplifter is someone who steals from a shop.
5 A coward is someone who is not brave.
6 An atheist is someone who doesn't believe in God.
7 A pessimist is someone who expects the worst to happen.
8 A tenant is someone who pays rent to live in a house or flat.
Key.2 The waitress who/that served us was impolite and impatient.
3 The building that/which was destroyed in the fire has now been rebuilt.
4 The people who/that were arrested have now been released.
5 The bus that/which goes to the airport runs every half hour.
1 A girl was injured in the accident. She is now in hospital.
The girl who was injured in accident is now in hospital.
2 A waitress served us. She was impolite and impatient.
3 A building was destroyed in the fire. It has now been rebuilt.
4 Some people were arrested. They have now been released.
5 A bus goes to the airport. It runs every half hour.
Key.2 who/that runs away from home
3 that/which were on the wall
4 that/which cannot be explained
5 who/that stole my car
6 that/which gives you the meaning of words
7 who/that invented the telephone
8 that/which can support life
2 The book is about a girl _______________________
3 What happened to the pictures _______________________
4 A mystery is something _______________________
5 The police have caught the men _______________________
6 A dictionary is a book _______________________
7 Alexander Bell was the man _______________________
8 It seems that the earth is the only planet _______________________
Key.3 that/which sells
4 who/that caused
5 OK (who took is also correct)
6 that/which is changing
7 OK (which were is also correct)
8 that/which won
|1 I don't like stories who have unhappy endings.|
2 What was the name of the person who phoned you?
3 Where's the nearest shop who sells newspapers?
4 The driver which caused the accident was fined £500.
5 Do you know the person that took these photographs?
6 We live in a world what is changing all the time.
7 Dan said some things about me that were not true.
8 What was the name of the horse it won the race?
stories that have
| ||Unit 91 Unit 92 Unit 93|| |
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