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Unit 113. Although / though / even though. In spite of / despite




Unit 113; Part A

galka.jpgStudy this example situation:113.1.jpg


Unit 113; Part B


galka.jpgAfter although we use a subject + verb:

       Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
       I didn't get the job although I had the necessary qualifications.

Compare the meaning of although and because:

       We went out although it was raining.
       We didn't go out because it was raining.

Unit 113; Part E


galka.jpgSometimes we use though instead of although:
       I didn't get the job though I had the necessary qualifications.

In spoken English we often use though at the end of a sentence:

       The house isn't very nice. I like the garden though(= but I like the garden)
       I see them every day. I've never spoken to them though.
  (= but I've never spoken to them)

Even though (but not 'even' alone) is a stronger form of although:
       Even though I was really tired, I couldn't sleep.  (not Even I was really tired ...)



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use although + a sentence from the box.
Key.2    Although I had never seen her before
3    although it was quite cold
4    although we don't like them very much
5    Although I didn't speak the language
6    Although the heating was on
7    although I'd met her twice before
8    although we've known each other a long time

 
I didn't speak the language     he has a very important job
I had never seen her before     we don't like them very much
it was quite cold                    the heating was on
I'd met her twice before          we've known each other a long time
 
1       Although he has a very important job  , he isn't particularly well-paid.
2    _____________________________________, I recognised her from a photograph.
3    She wasn't wearing a coat _____________________________________.
4    We thought we'd better invite them to the party _____________________________________.
5    _____________________________________, I managed to make myself understood.
6    _____________________________________, the room wasn't warm.
7    I didn't recognise her _____________________________________.
8    We're not very good friends _____________________________________.

flag.jpgComplete the sentences with although / in spite of / because / because of.
Key.2    a   In spite of (or Despite)
      b   Although
3    a   because
      b   although
4    a   because of
      b   in spite of (or despite)
5    a   although
      b   because of
Example answers:
6    a   he hadn't studied very hard
      b   he had studied very hard
7    a   I was hungry
      b   being hungry / my hunger / the fact (that) I was hungry

1       Although    it rained a lot, we enjoyed our holiday.
2    a    _____________ all our careful plans, a lot of things went wrong.
      b    _____________ we'd planned everything carefully, a lot of things went wrong.
3    a    I went home early    I was feeling unwell.
      b    I went to work the next day _____________ I was still feeling unwell.
4    a    She only accepted the job _____________ the salary, which was very high.
      b    She accepted the job _____________ the salary, which was rather low.
5    a    I managed to get to sleep _____________ there was a lot of noise.
      b    I couldn't get to sleep _____________ the noise.

Use your own ideas to complete the following sentences:

6    a   He passed the exam although _____________________________.
      b   He passed the exam because _____________________________.
7    a   I didn't eat anything although _____________________________.
      b   I didn't eat anything in spite of ____________________________.
flag.jpgMake one sentence from two. Use the word(s) in brackets in your sentences.
Key.2    In spite of having very little money, they are happy.    or   In spite of the fact (that) they have very little money ...
3    Although my foot was injured, I managed to walk to the nearest village.    or    I managed to walk to the nearest village although my ...
4    I enjoyed the film in spite of the silly story. / ... in spite of the story being silly. / ... in spite of the fact (that) the
story was silly.    or   In spite of ... ,I enjoyed the film.
5    Despite living in the same street, we hardly ever see each other.    or    Despite the fact (that) we live in ...    or    We hardly ever see each other despite ...
6    Even though I was only out for five minutes, I got very wet in the rain.    or    I got very wet in the rain even though I was ...


1    I couldn't sleep. I was very tired.  (despite)
      I couldn't sleep despite being very tired.   
2    They have very little money. They are happy.  (in spite of)
      In spite ________________________________
3    My foot was injured. I managed to walk to the nearest village.  (although)
      ________________________________________
4    I enjoyed the film. The story was silly.  (in spite of)
      ________________________________________
5    We live in the same street. We hardly ever see each other.  (despite)
      ________________________________________
6    I got very wet in the rain. I was only out for five minutes.  (even though)
      ________________________________________







flag.jpgUse the words in brackets to make a sentence with though at the end.
Key.2    It's very windy though.
3    We ate it though.
4    I don't like her husband though.


1    The house isn't very nice. (like / garden)    I liked the garden though.  
2    It's warm today.  (very windy) _____________________________
3    We didn't like the food.  (ate) _____________________________
4    Liz is very nice.  (don't like / husband)  I _____________________________


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Unit 112      Unit 113     Unit 114 forward.jpg



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