# Unit 139. Phrasal verbs 3. Out

## Unit 139; Part A

**out**= not burning, not shining

go output out a fire / a cigarette / a light turn out a light blow out a candle | • Suddenly all the lights in the building went out.• We managed to put the fire out. • I turned the lights out before leaving. • We don't need the candle. You can blow it out. |

## Unit 139; Part B

**work out**

work out= do physical exercises

work out

• Rachel works out at the gym three times a week.• Rachel works out at the gym three times a week.

**= develop, progress**

work out

work out

**(= things didn't work out well)**

*• Good luck for the future. I hope everything works out well for you.*

• A: Why did James leave the company?

B: Things didn't work out.• A: Why did James leave the company?

B: Things didn't work out.

**(for mathematical calculations)**

work out

work out

• The total bill for three people is £84.60. That works out at £28.20 each.• The total bill for three people is £84.60. That works out at £28.20 each.

**= calculate, think about a problem and find the answer**

work something out

work something out

• 345 x 76? I need to do this on paper. I can't work it out in my head.• 345 x 76? I need to do this on paper. I can't work it out in my head.

## Unit 139; Part C

**Other verbs + out**

carry out an order / an experiment / a survey / an investigation / a planetc.

carry out an order / an experiment / a survey / an investigation / a plan

*• Soldiers are expected to carry out orders.*

• An investigation into the accident will be carried out as soon as possible.• An investigation into the accident will be carried out as soon as possible.

**(**

fall out

fall out

**with**somebody) = stop being friends

*• They used to be very good friends. I'm surprised to hear that they have fallen out.*

• David fell out with his father and left home.• David fell out with his father and left home.

**etc.,**

find out that/what/when ...

find out that/what/when ...

**find out about something**= get information

*• The police never found out who committed the murder.*

• I've just found out that it's Helen's birthday today.

• I called the tourist office to find out about hotels in the town.• I've just found out that it's Helen's birthday today.

• I called the tourist office to find out about hotels in the town.

**= give to each person**

give/hand things out

give/hand things out

• At the end of the lecture, the speaker gave out information sheets to the audience.• At the end of the lecture, the speaker gave out information sheets to the audience.

**(**

point something out

point something out

**to**somebody) = draw attention to something

*• As we drove through the city, our guide pointed out all the sights.*

• I didn't realise I'd made a mistake until somebody pointed it out to me.• I didn't realise I'd made a mistake until somebody pointed it out to me.

**(**

run out

run out

**of**something)

**(= we used all our petrol)**

• We ran out of petrol on the motorway.• We ran out of petrol on the motorway.

**= find a solution to, put in order**

sort something out

sort something out

• There are a few problems we need to sort out.

• All these papers are mixed up. I'll have to sort them out.• There are a few problems we need to sort out.

• All these papers are mixed up. I'll have to sort them out.

**(= it became clear in the end that he was right)**

turn out to be ... / turn out good/nice etc. / turn out that ...

turn out to be ... / turn out good/nice etc. / turn out that ...

• Nobody believed Paul at first, but he turned out to be right.• Nobody believed Paul at first, but he turned out to be right.

*• The weather wasn't so good in the morning, but it turned out nice later.*

• I thought they knew each other, but it turned out that they'd never met.• I thought they knew each other, but it turned out that they'd never met.

**etc. = test it to see if it is OK**

try out a machine, a system, a new idea

try out a machine, a system, a new idea

• The company is trying out a new computer system at the moment.• The company is trying out a new computer system at the moment.

**Exercises**

| Unit 138 Unit 139 Unit 140 | |

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