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Unit 137. Phrasal verbs 1. Introduction




Unit 137; Part A


galka.jpgWe often use verbs with the following words:           
in
out    
on
off    
up
down   
away
back    
round
through    
about
along     
over
forward   
by


So you can say look out / get on / take off / run away
etc. These are phrasal verbs.

We often use on/off/out
etc. with verbs of movement. For example:
get on
drive off
come back   
turn round

    •    The bus was full. We couldn't get on.
    •    A woman got into the car and drove off.
    •    Sally is leaving tomorrow and coming back on Saturday.
    •    When I touched him on the shoulder, he turned round.


But often the second word (on/off/out etc.) gives a special meaning to the verb. For example:
break down
look out
take off
get on
get by

    •    Sorry I'm late. The car broke down (= the engine stopped working)
    •    Look out! There's a car coming.  (= be careful)
    •    It was my first flight. I was nervous as the plane took off
(= went into the air)
    •    How was the exam? How did you get on (= How did you do?)
    •    My French isn't very good, but it's enough to get by.  (= manage)

For more phrasal verbs, see Units 138-145.

Unit 137; Part B


galka.jpgSometimes a phrasal verb is followed by a preposition. For example:

phrasal verb
preposition
 
run away
keep up
look up
look forward
from
with
at
to
    •    Why did you run away from me?
    •    You're walking too fast. I can't keep up with you.
    •    We looked up at the plane as it flew above us.
    •    Are you looking forward to your holiday?

Unit 137; Part C

galka.jpgSometimes a phrasal verb has an object. Usually there are two possible positions for the object.
So you can say:
137.1.jpg



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete each sentence using a verb from A (in the correct form) + a word from B. You can use a word more than once.
Key.2    sit down
3    flew away
4    get out
5    speak up
6    get by
7    gone up
8    looked round

A
 
fly     get     go     look     sit     speak
 
B
 
away     by     down     on     out     round     up
 
1    The bus was full. We couldn't    get in  .   
2    I've been standing for the last two hours. I'm going to ________________ for a bit.
3    A cat tried to catch the bird, but it ________________ just in time.
4    We were trapped in the building. We couldn't ________________.
5    I can't hear you very well. Can you ________________ a little?
6    'Do you speak German?'   'Not very well, but I can ________________.'
7    House prices are very high. They've ________________ a lot in the last few years.
8    I thought there was somebody behind me, but when I ________________, there was nobody there.

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using a word from A and a word from B. You can use a word more than once.
Key.2    back at
3    up to
4    forward to
5    away with
6    up at
7    in through

A
 
away       back       forward     in     up
 
B
 
at       through      to     with
 
1    You're walking too fast. I can't keep     up with    you.
2    My holidays are nearly over. Next week I'll be ____________ work.
3    We went ____________ the top floor of the building to admire the view.
4    Are you looking ____________ the party next week?
5    There was a bank robbery last week. The robbers got ____________ £50,000.
6    I love to look ____________ the stars in the sky at night.
7    I was sitting in the kitchen when suddenly a bird flew ____________ the open window.

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the following verbs + it/them/me:
Key.2    wake me up
3    get it out
4    give them back
5    switch it on
6    take them off
 
fill in    get out    give back    switch on    take off    wake up
 
1    They gave me a form and told me to    fill it in  .   
2    I'm going to bed now. Can you ___________ at 6.30?
3    I've got something in my eye and I can't ___________.
4    I don't like it when people borrow things and don't ___________.
5    I want to use the kettle. How do I ___________?
6    My shoes are dirty. I'd better ___________ before going into the house.
flag.jpgUse your own ideas to complete the sentences. Use a noun (this newspaper etc.) or a pronoun (it/them etc.) + the word in brackets (away/up etc.).
Key.3    I have to take them back
4    We can turn the television off or   We can turn off the television
5    I knocked it over
6    I don't want to wake her up.
7    (example answer) You should put your coat on    or    You should put on your coat.
8    I was able to put it out
9    (example answer) they've put the price(s) up    or    they've put up the price(s)
10  Shall I turn the lightlsl on? or    Shall I turn on the lighi(s)?


1    Don't throw     away this newspaper    I want to keep it.  (away)
2    'Do you want this postcard?'    'No, you can throw     it away    .' (away)
3    I borrowed these books from the library. I have to take _______________ tomorrow.  (back)
4    We can turn _______________. Nobody is watching it.  (off)
5    A: How did the vase get broken?
      B: I'm afraid I knocked _______________ while I was cleaning.  (over)
6    Shh! My mother is asleep. I don't want to wake _______________. (up)
7    It's quite cold. You should put _______________ if you're going out.  (on)
8    It was only a small fire. I was able to put _______________ quite easily. (out)
9    A: Is this hotel more expensive than when we stayed here last year?
      B: Yes, they've put _______________. (up)
10  It's a bit dark in this room. Shall I turn _______________?  (on)



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Unit 136      Unit 137     Unit 138 forward.jpg



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