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Unit 129. Noun + preposition (reason for, cause of etc.)




Unit 129; Part A


galka.jpgNoun + for ...
a cheque FOR (a sum of money)
      They sent me a cheque for £150.

a demand / a need FOR ...

      The company closed down because there wasn't enough demand for its product.
      There's no excuse for behaviour like that. There's no need for it.

a reason FOR ...

      The train was late, but nobody knew the reason for the delay. 
(not reason of)

Unit 129; Part B


galka.jpgNoun + of ...
an advantage / a disadvantage OF ...

      The advantage of living alone is that you can do what you like.


but there is an advantage in (or to) doing something
      There are many advantages in living alone.  (or ... to living alone)

a cause OF ...
      The cause of the explosion is unknown.


a photograph / a picture / a map / a plan / a drawing
(etc.) OF ...
      Rachel showed me some photographs of her family.
      I had a map of the town, so I was able to find my way around.

Unit 129; Part C


galka.jpgNoun + in ...
an increase / a decrease / a rise / a fall IN
(prices etc.)
      There has been an increase in the number of road accidents recently.
      Last year was a bad one for the company. There was a big fall in sales.

Unit 129; Part D


galka.jpgNoun + to ...
damage TO ...

      The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage to the other car.

an
invitation TO ... (a party / a wedding etc.)
      Did you get an invitation to the party?

a solution TO
(a problem) / a key TO (a door) / an answer TO (a question) / a reply TO (a letter) / a reaction TO ...
      I hope we'll find a solution to the problem.  (not a solution of the problem)
      I was surprised at her reaction to my suggestion.

an attitude TO ...
(or TOWARDS ...)
      His attitude to his job is very negative.
   or   His attitude towards his job ...

Unit 129; Part E


galka.jpgNoun + with ... / between ...
a relationship / a connection / contact WITH ...

      Do you have a good relationship with your parents?
      The police want to question a man in connection with the robbery.


but a relationship / a connection / contact / a difference BETWEEN two things or people
      The police believe that there is no connection between the two crimes.
      There are some differences between British and American English.



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first.
Key.2    to the problem
3    with her brother
4    in the cost of living
5    to your question
6    for a new road
7    in/to working at home
8    in the number of people without jobs
9    for shoes like these any more
10  between your job and mine


1    What caused the explosion? 
      What was the cause    of the explosion   ?
2    We're trying to solve the problem.
      We're trying to find a solution _______________________.
3    Sue gets on well with her brother.
      Sue has a good relationship _______________________.
4    The cost of living has gone up a lot.
      There has been a big increase _______________________.
5    I don't know how to answer your question.
      I can't think of an answer _______________________.
6    I don't think that a new road is necessary.
      I don't think there is any need _______________________.
7    I think that working at home has many advantages.
      I think that there are many advantages _______________________.
8    The number of people without jobs fell last month.
      Last month there was a fall _______________________.
9    Nobody wants to buy shoes like these any more.
      There is no demand _______________________.
10  In what way is your job different from mine?
     What is the difference _______________________?
flag.jpgComplete the sentences using the following nouns + the correct preposition:
Key.2    invitation to
3    contact with
4    key to
5    cause of
6    reply to
7    connection between
8    pictures of
9    reason for
10  damage to

 
cause    connection     contact       damage      invitation
key        map              pictures      reason        reply
 
1    On the wall there were some pictures and a    map of   the world.
2    Thank you for the _____________ your party next week.
3    Since she left home two years ago, Sophie has had little _____________ her family.
4    I can't open this door. Have you got a _____________ the other door?
5    The _____________ the fire at the hotel last night is still unknown.
6    I emailed Jim last week, but I still haven't received a _____________ my message.
7    The two companies are completely independent. There is no _____________ them.
8    Jane showed me some old _____________ the city as it looked 100 years ago.
9    Carol has decided to give up her job. I don't know her _____________ doing this.
10  It wasn't a bad accident. The _____________ the car wasn't serious.

flag.jpgComplete the sentences with the correct preposition.
Key.2   to
3   in
4   for
5   of
6   in   or    to
7   for
8   to   or   towards
9   with
10 in
11 to
12 of
13 for a rise in pay
14 to


1    There are some differences    between    British and American English.
2    Money isn't the solution _____________ every problem.
3    There has been an increase _____________ the amount of traffic using this road.
4    When I opened the envelope, I was delighted to find a cheque _____________ £500.
5    The advantage _____________ having a car is that you don't have to rely on public transport.
6    There are many advantages _____________ being able to speak a foreign language.
7    Everything can be explained. There's a reason _____________ everything.
8    When Paul left home, his attitude _____________ his parents seemed to change.
9    Ben and I used to be good friends, but I don't have much contact _____________ him now.
10  There has been a sharp rise _____________ property prices in the past few years.
11  What was Emma's reaction _____________ the news?
12  If I give you the camera, can you take a photograph _____________ me?
13  The company has rejected the workers' demands _____________ a rise _____________ pay.
14  What was the answer _____________ question 3 in the test?
15  The fact that Jane was offered a job has no connection _____________ the fact that she is a friend of the managing director.


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