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Unit 122. On time and in time. At the end and in the end




Unit 122; Part A

galka.jpgOn time and in time
On time = punctual, not late. If something happens on time, it happens at the time which was planned:

   •    The 11.45 train left on time.  (= it left at 11.45)
   •    'I'll meet you at 7.30.'    'OK, but please be on time.'  (= don't be late, be there at 7.30)
   •    The conference was well-organised. Everything began and finished on time.

The opposite of on time is late:

   •    Be on time. Don't be late.

In time (for something / to do something) = soon enough:
   •    Will you be home in time for dinner?  ( = soon enough for dinner)
   •    I've sent Emma a birthday present. I hope it arrives in time (for her birthday). (= on or before her birthday)
   •    I'm in a hurry. I want to be home in time to see the game on television. (= soon enough to see the game)

The opposite of in time is too late:
   •    I got home too late to see the game on television.


You can say just in time (= almost too late):
   •    We got to the station just in time for our train.
   •    A child ran into the road in front of the car - I managed to stop just in time.

Unit 122; Part B

galka.jpgAt the end and in the end
At the end (of something)
= at the time when something ends. For example:
          at the end of the month      at the end of January         at the end of the game
          at the end of the film          at the end of the course     at the end of the concert

   •    I'm going away at the end of January / at the end of the month.
   •    At the end of the concert, there was great applause.
   •    The players shook hands at the end of the game.


You cannot say 'in the end of ...'. So you cannot say 'in the end of January' or 'in the end of the concert'.

The opposite of at the end (of ...) is at the beginning (of ...):
   •    I'm going away at the beginning of January (not in the beginning)

In the end = finally.
We use in the end when we say what the final result of a situation was:

   •    We had a lot of problems with our car. We sold it in the end.  (= finally we sold it)
   •    He got more and more angry. In the end he just walked out of the room.
   •    Alan couldn't decide where to go for his holidays. He didn't go anywhere in the end.
(not at the end)

The opposite of in the end is usually at first:
   •    At first we didn't get on very well, but in the end we became good friends.




Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences with on time or in time.
Key.2   on time
3   in time
4   on time
5   in time
6   on time
7   in time
8   in time
9   on time


1    The bus was late this morning, but it's usually    on time   .   
2    The film was supposed to start at 8.30, but it didn't begin _________.
3    I like to get up _________ to have a big breakfast before going to work.
4    We want to start the meeting _________ , so please don't be late.
5    I've just washed this shirt. I want to wear it this evening, so I hope it will be dry _________.
6    The train service isn't very good. The trains are rarely _________.
7    I nearly missed my flight this morning. I got to the airport just _________.
8    I nearly forgot that it was Joe's birthday. Fortunately I remembered _________.
9    Why are you never _________? You always keep everybody waiting.

flag.jpgRead the situations and make sentences using just in time.
Key.2   I got home just in time.
3   I stopped him just in time.
4   I got to the cinema just in time for the beginning of the film.


1    A child ran into the road in front of your car. You saw the child at the last moment.
      (manage/stop)      I managed to stop just in time.        
2    You were walking home. Just after you got home, it started to rain very heavily.
      (get / home)  I ___________________________________
3    Tim was going to sit on the chair you had just painted. You said, 'Don't sit on that chair!', so he didn't.
      (stop / him)  I ____________________________________
4    You and a friend went to the cinema. You were late and you thought you would miss the beginning of the film. But the film began just as you sat down in the cinema.
      (get / cinema / beginning of the film) ____________________________________

flag.jpgComplete the sentences using at the end + the following:
Key.2   at the end of the month
3   at the end of the course
4   at the end of the race
5   at the end of the interview
 
the course    the game    the interview    the month    the race
 
1    The players shook hands    at the end of the game  .   
2    I usually get paid __________________________.
3    The students had a party __________________________.
4    Two of the runners collapsed __________________________.
5    To my surprise, I was offered the job __________________________.

flag.jpgWrite sentences with In the end. Use the verb in brackets.
Key.2    In the end she resigned (from her job).
3    In the end I gave up (trying to learn German).
4    In the end we decided not to go (to the party).    or   In the end we didn't go (to the party).


1    We had a lot of problems with our car.
      (sell)      ln the end we sold it    .
2    Judy got more and more fed up with her job.
      (resign) _____________________________.
3    I tried to learn German, but I found it too difficult.
      (give up) _____________________________.
4    We couldn't decide whether to go to the party or not.
      (not /go) _____________________________.

flag.jpgPut in at or in.
Key.2    In
3    at ... at
4    in
5    in
6    at
7    in
8    at
9    in


1    I'm going away    at    the end of the month.
2    It took me a long time to find a job. _____ the end I got a job in a hotel.
3    Are you going away _____ the beginning of August or _____ the end?
4    I couldn't decide what to buy Laura for her birthday. I didn't buy her anything _____ the end.
5    We waited ages for a taxi. We gave up _____ the end and walked home.
6    I'll be moving to a new address _____ the end of September.
7    We had a few problems at first, but _____ the end everything was OK.
8    I'm going away _____ the end of this week.
9    A: I didn't know what to do.
      B: Yes, you were in a difficult position. What did you do _____ the end?


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