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Unit 121. At / on / in (time)




Unit 121; Part A

galka.jpgCompare at, on and in:

      They arrived at 5 o'clock.
      They arrived on Friday.
      They arrived in October. / They arrived in 1968.
121.1.jpg

Unit 121; Part B


galka.jpgWe use at in these expressions:
at night
at the weekend
/ at weekends

at Christmas
at the moment / at present
at the same time

      I don't like going out at night.
      Will vou be here at the weekend?
      Do you give each other presents at Christmas?
      Mr Benn is busy at the moment / at present.
      Emily and I arrived at the same time.

Unit 121; Part C


galka.jpgWe say:
in the morning(s)
in the afternoon(s)       
in the evening(s)

but      
on Friday morning(s)
on Sunday afternoon(s)
on Monday evening(s)
   etc.
      I'll see you in the morning.
      Do you work in the evenings?    
      I'll see you on Friday morning.   
      Do you work on Saturday evenings

Unit 121; Part D


galka.jpgWe do not use at/on/in before last/next/this/every:

      I'll see you next Friday.  (not on next Friday)
      They got married last March.

In spoken English we often leave out on before days
(Sunday/Monday etc.). So you can say:
      I'll see you on Friday.    or   I'll see you Friday.
      I don't go out on Monday mornings.   
or   I don't go out Monday mornings.

Unit 121; Part E


galka.jpgIn a few minutes / in six months etc.

      The train will be leaving in a few minutes (= a few minutes from now)
      Andy has gone away. He'll be back in a week
(= a week from now)
      She'll be here in a moment.
  (= a moment from now)

You can also say 'in six months' time', 'in a week's time'
etc. :
      They're getting married in six months' time.   
or    ... in six months.

We also use in ... to say how long it takes to do something:

      I learnt to drive in four weeks.  (= it took me four weeks to learn)



Exercises

flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use at, on or in + the following:
Key.2   at night
3   in the evening
4   on 21 July 1969
5   at the same time
6   in the 1920s
7   in about 20 minutes
8   at the moment
9   in the Middle Ages
10 in 11 seconds
11 (on) Saturdays

 
the evening    about 20 minutes    1492             the same time
the moment   21 July 1969           the 1920s      night
Saturdays      the Middle Ages     11 seconds 
 
1    Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America    in 1492     .   
2    If the sky is clear, you can see the stars ___________.
3    After working hard during the day, I like to relax ___________.
4    Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ___________.
5    It's difficult to listen if everyone is speaking ___________.
6    Jazz became popular in the United States ___________.
7    I'm just going out to the shop. I'll be back ___________.
8    (on the phone)  'Can I speak to Dan?'    'I'm afraid he's not here ___________.
9    Many of Europe's great cathedrals were built ___________.
10  Ben is a very fast runner. He can run 100 metres ___________.
11  Liz works from Monday to Friday. Sometimes she also works ___________.

flag.jpgPut in at, on or in.
Key.2  I last saw her on Tuesday.    or  I last saw her Tuesday.
3   in
4   At
5   on
6   in
7   in
8   at
9   on
10 at
11 in
12 at
13 on
14 in
15 On Saturday night    or   Saturday night ... at midnight
16 at 5 o'clock in the morning
17 on 7 January ... in April
18  at home on Tuesday morning.    or   at home Tuesday morning  ... in the afternoon


1    Mozart was born in Salzburg    in     1756.
2    I haven't seen Kate for a few days. I last saw her ________ Tuesday.
3    The price of electricity is going up ________ October.
4    ________ weekends, we often go for long walks in the country.
5    I've been invited to a wedding ________ 14 February.
6    Jonathan is 63. He'll be retiring from his job ________ two years' time.
7    I'm busy just now, but I'll be with you ________ a moment.
8    Jenny's brother is an engineer, but he doesn't have a job ________ the moment.
9    There are usually a lot of parties ________ New Year's Eve.
10  I don't like driving ________ night.
11  My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready ________ two hours.
12  The telephone and the doorbell rang ________ the same time.
13  Mary and David always go out for dinner ________ their wedding anniversary.
14  It was a short book and easy to read. I read it ________ a day.
15  ________ Saturday night I went to bed ________ midnight.
16  We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived ________ 5  o'clock ________ the morning.
17  The course begins ________ 7 January and ends sometime ________ April.
18  I might not be at home ________ Tuesday morning, but I'll be there ________ the afternoon.



flag.jpgWhich is correct: a, b, or both of them?
Key.3    a
4    both
5    b
6    b
7    both
8    a
9    b
10  a
1    a    I'll see you on Friday.
2    a    I'll see you on next Friday.
3    a    Paul got married in April.
4    a    They never go out on Sunday evenings.
5    a   We often have a short holiday on Christmas.
b  I'll see you Friday.
b  I'll see you next Friday.
b  Paul got married April.       
b  They never go out Sunday evenings.
b  We often have a short holiday at Christmas. 
 both 
   b    

_____
_____
_____
6    a   What are you doing the weekend?
7    a   Will you be here on Tuesday?
8    a   We were ill at the same time.
9    a   Sue got married at 18 May 1996.
10  a   He left school last June.
b  What are you doing at the weekend?       
b  Will you be here Tuesday?       
b  We were ill in the same time.       
b  Sue got married on 18 May 1996.       
b  He left school in last June.
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____


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