Unit 1. Bye, Buy.
Introducing Letters and Sounds
|In writing, words are made of letters. In speech, words are made ofsounds. Letters are not always the same as sounds.
For example, thewords key and car begin with the same sound, but the letters aredifferent. We can see this clearly if we read the two words in phonemicsymbols: /ki:/, /ka:/.
In the examples below, word pairs have the samepronunciation but different spelling:
buy bye sun son
weak week weigh way
too two write right
Note: There are some exercises to help you learn the phonemic symbols.
|There are rwo kinds of sounds: consonant sounds (C) and vowel sounds(V).
For example, in duck, there are three sounds,consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC).
The number of sounds in a word is notusually the same as the number of letters. We can see this if we writethe word using phonemic symbols.
For example, duck is /dΛk/.
|Writers often play with the sounds in words. For example, if they are finding a name for a cartoon character, they might:
Forexample, in Dennis the Menace, the last three sounds of the words arethe same, but the spelling is completely different.
|There are probably some sounds in English which do not exist in yourlanguage, and others which are similar but not exactly the same. Thiscan make it difficult to hear and make the distinction between twosimilar words in English.
Listen ro these pairs. Are any of them difficult for you?
boat - vote hit - heat so - show sung - sun wine - vine wet - wait
|In this story, there are 12 incorrect words. The correct wordis pronounced the same as the incorrect one, but the spelling isdifferent. Correct them using words from the box. Key Lastweek, I sent my sort Jamie to the shops to buy some food.He got a piece of meat and two pears. On the way home, thebag broke. The food fell onto the road and got dirty. In the end, Jamie threwthe food in the bin.
son some meat way threw pears sent week buy piece road two
How many sounds are there in each word? Write the order of consonant sounds (C) and vowel sounds (V).
Listen to these possible names of cartoon animals. Do they have the same first sounds? (Write A.) Do they rhyme? (Write B.)
|Listen to these sounds. Do you have a similar sound in your language? If you do, write a tick.
|Unit 1 Unit 2