Unit 2. Plane, Plan.
The vowel sounds /ei/ and /æ/
Unit 2; Part A
|When you say the letters of the alphabet, A has the long vowel sound/ei/. You hear this sound in the word plane. |
But the letter A is alsopronounced as the short vowel sound /æ/, as in the word plan.
|Listen to the sound /ei/ on its own.|
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this long vowel sound.
|Listen to the target sound /ei/ in the words below and compare it with the words on each side.|
|Listen and repeat these examples of the target sound.|
play played plate
grey grey great
аim age eight
|The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain |
Unit 2; Part B
|Listen to the sound /æ/. |
Look at the mouth diagram to see how to make this short vowel sound.
|Listen to the target sound /æ/ in the words and compare it with the words on each side.|
|The fat cat sat on the man's black hat |
|Listen and repeat these examples of the target sound. |
bank beg back
can cash catch
ham has hat
Important for listening!
In most accents, the following words have the vowel /æ/: ask dancecastle bath fast. But in South East England, speakers change the A soundin words such as these to /a:/. (For more about /a:/ see Unit 14.)
Unit 2; Part C
Write words for the things in the picture in the correct part of the table. Key
|These words all contain the vowel sound /æ/. Make another word with the same consonant sounds, but changing the vowel sound to /ei/.|
|Listen and circle the word with a different vowel sound. Key1. salt 2.far|
3. watch 4. said
5. care 6. square
1 sad bag salt tap
2 far fat map add
3 watch catch match land
4 rain said fail train
5 case lake name care
6 space change plate square
7 break great heat weight
Then listen again and check.
|Listen and circle the word you hear. Key1.man|
1 Man or men? Did you see the man / men?
2 Cap or cup? Have you seen my cap / cup?
3 Hat or heart? She put her hand on her hat / heart.
4 Pain or pen? I've got a pain / pen in my hand.
5 Hay or hair? There are bugs in this hay / hair.
Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentencesin 4, choosing one of the two words. Make a note of which words yousay. Then listen to your recording in about two weeks. Is it clearwhich words you said?
| ||Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3|| |
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