Unit 27. Pete Played, Rita Rested.
Syllables: Adding Past Tense Endings
Unit 27; Part A
|The verb play /pleι/ has one syllable and the past tense played /pleιd/ also has only one syllable. Usually the -ed ending is just a consonant sound (C), not another syllable; the letter E is silent.|
So, for example, smiled /smaιld/ rhymes with child /t∫aιld/, even though child does not have a letter E before the D. Listen to the rhymes. Notice that -ed rhymes with either /t/ or /d/.
|He looked round first,|
And then reversed.
The car that passed
Was going fast.
It hit the side.
The driver cried.
He never guessed,
He'd pass the test.
Unit 27; Part B
|If the infinitive of the verb ends with the sounds /t/ or /d/, -ed or -d is a new syllable; the lerter E is pronounced as a vowel sound. For example:|
hate /heιt/- one syllable
hated /heιtιd/ = two syllables
|Listen and compare the sentences on the left and right below.|
Unit 27; Part C
|Past tense endings tell you if the sentence is present or past. Listen to the difference.|
|Note: If it is difficult to say the -ed ending in words like cooked, imagine that the -ed is joined to the word after. For example say cooked all the food like this: cook tall the food.|
Note: If the word after the past tense verb begins with a consonant, you may not hear the -ed, e.g. cooked dinner, walked through.
|Match the beginnings and ends of these rhymes.|
1 h 2 e 3 g
4 c 5 i 6 a
7 j 8 f 9 b
|Write the past tense of the verbs from the box in the correct part of the table.|
Then listen, check and repeat.
Key.1 syllable walked washed helped phoned danced asked
-ed = extra syllable hated needed waited wasted tasted ended
|Complete each sentence with the past tense of a verb from the box.In each sentence, the first sound of the verb is the same as the firstsound in the person's name! Then listen, check and repeat.|
Now listen, check and repeat.
|Listen and circle the verb form you hear, past or present.|
Key. 1. walked
1 I always walk / walked away from fights.
2 I think they want / wanted to talk.
3 Me and my friends laugh / laughed a lot.
4 On Saturdays, we dance / danced all night.
5 I always hate / hated Sundays.
6 You never help / helped Alice.
7 They need / needed more time.
8 They paint / painted the walls every few years.
Follow up: Record yourself saying the sentences in 4, choosing thepresent or past tense. Make a note of which tense you say. Then listento your recording in about two weeks. Is it clear which tense you said?
| ||Unit 26 Unit 27 Unit 28|| |