Unit 28. REcord, reCORD.
Stress in Two-Syllable Words
|Many two-syllable words come from a one-syllable word. For example, the word artist comes from the word art, and the word remove comes from the word move. In these two-syllable words, the stress is on the syllable of the original word:
artist = Oo (stress on the first syllable) remove = oO (stress on the second syllable)
Here are some more examples.
|Most two-syllable nouns and adjectives have stress on the firstsyllable, even if they don't come from an original one-syllable word. For example, 'brother' doesn't come from the original word 'broth', but it still has the stress pattern Oo.
Listen to this sentence: the nouns and adjectives all have the pattern Oo.
The artist's most famous picture shows some women and children in a lovely forest with a purple mountain behind.
Note: However, there are a number of exceptions to this general rule, for example asleep, mistake, machine, alone, which have stress on the second syllable.
|Most two-syllable verbs have stress on the second syllable, even if they don't come from an original one-syllable word. For example, 'repeat' doesn't come from the original word 'peat', but it still has the stress pattern (oO).
Listen to this sentence: the verbs all have the pattern oO.
Escape to Scotland, forget about work, just relax and enjoy the scenery!
Note: There are a number of exceptions to this general rule, for example cancel, copy and two-syllable verbs ending in -er and -en, e.g. answer, enter, offer, listen, happen, open, which all have stress on the first syllable.
|Some words are both nouns and verbs. For example, record is a noun if you put stress on the first syllable, and a verb if you put stress on the second syllable.
Listen to these examples. You will hear each word twice, first as a noun and then as a verb.
record contrast desert export object present produce protest rebel
Note: There is not always a change of stress in words that are both nouns and verbs. For example answer, picture, promise, reply, travel, visit always have stress on the same syllable.
Note: Thestress stays in the same place when we make longer words from thesetwo-syllable nouns, adjectives and verbs For example, in both happy (Oo) and unhappy (oOo), the stress is on the syllable happ, and in both depart (oO) and departure (oOo), the stress is on the syllable part.
Make the word in (brackets) into a verb beginning with V and a noun ending with Yand use the words to fill the gaps. Then say the sentences. Take toreto use the correct sttess patterns for the words in the gaps: Oo for the nouns and oO for the verbs. Listen and check.
|Listen and circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others.
money machine mountain message
1 answer agree allow artract
2 middle minute mission mistake
3 compare correct copy collect
4 garden granny guitar grammar
5 complete common careful crazy
6 pronounce provide promise prefer
7 shampoo shoulder shower shopping
8 reason remove receive review
|Read the sentences and decide what stress pattern the words in bold have. Then listen, check and repeat.
I got my first record as a present when I was eleven.
record = Oo present = Oo
1 You've progressed well this year, but I'd like to see even more progress.
progressed = ____ progress = ____
2 We import too much petrol and the country's export figures are going down.
import = ____ export = ____
3 It starred as a student protest, but now the army has rebelled against the government.
protest = ____ rebelled = ____
4 In the desert, there is a big contrast between temperatures in the day and ar night.
desert = ____ contrast = ____
5 These companies produce household objects such as fridges and washing machines.
produce = ____ objects = ____
|Unit 27 Unit 28 Unit 29
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