Unit 39. After Eight, After Rate.
Joining Words 2
Unit 39; Part A
|When we say the spellings of words or names, we normally join them together in one continuous sound. For example, we say ABC like this: /eιbi:si:/(without any pause between the letters). Sometimes we have to add anextra sound to separate vowel sounds. Listen to these examples. Theadded sound is in small letters.|
The same three sounds, /r/, /j/ and /w/, are also added between whole words to separate vowel sounds.
Unit 39; Part B
The consonant sound /r/ is used to separate vowel sounds when there is a letter R at the end of the first word. In many accents of English, including Southern British, this final letter R is not pronounced, so the word ends in a vowel sound. For example, the word after is pronounced /a:ft∂/. But if the following word begins with a vowel sound, the R is pronounced, in order to separate the two vowels. For example, the R is pronounced in after eight /a:ft∂_reιt/. In this case, the R sounds like it is at the start of the next word, so after eight sounds like after rate. Listen to the examples.
Note: Sometimes we pronounce an /r/ to separate vowel sounds even if there is no R in the spelling. For example saw Alice can be pronounced /so:_'ælis/.
Unit 39; Part C
Important for listening!
The sounds /j/ and /w/ can also be pronounced to separate vowel sounds.
Listen to the examples. Notice that /j/ or /w/ is pronounced even when there is no Y or W in the spelling.
Spell out these names. If possible, record yourself. Then listen to the recording and compare it with yours.
|In these pairs, the first and second word are joined with thephonemic letter shown. Read them aloud, then say them again, this timereversing the order of the words, so that a different sound joins thefirst and second word. You don't have to write anything. Then listenand check.|
Key.1 blue_wand grey
2 me_jand you
3 why_ jor where
4 her_ror you
5 away_ jor here
Example: two_wor three ↔ three_jor two
1 grey_jand blue
2 you_wand me
3 where_ror why
4 you_wor her
5 here_ror away
|The word rise is 'hidden' in this sentence: Her eyes ore open. It is the underlined part. This is clear if we look at the phonemic spelling. The word rise is /raiz/. You can see this underlined in this phonemic spelling of the sentence: /h∂raιz∂r∂up∂n/.The words in the box are 'hidden' in the sentences below. Find them andunderline them, and write the hidden word after the sentence.|
Key.1 Are you into golf? winter
2 He has hair over the years. years
3 It's starting to ache. wake
4 I'm not sure I'd agree with you. ride
5 She has a shower each morning. reach
6 It's quarter to eight already, wait
7 Do I owe you anything? why
8 Her eyes are a strange colour. rise
9 You should know better at уоur age! rage
wait rage winter
|Example: The boat's useless without the oars.|
1 Are you into golf? _____________________
2 He has hair over the ears. _____________________
3 It's starring to ache. _____________________
4 I'm not sure I'd agree with you. _____________________
5 She has a shower each morning. _____________________
6 It's quarter to eight already. _____________________
7 Do I owe you anything? _____________________
8 Her eyes are a strange colour. _____________________
9 You should know better at your age! _____________________
Now listen to the sentences. Can you hear the 'hidden words'?
Try saying the sentences, making sure you pronounce the hidden words.
| ||Unit 38 Unit 39 Unit 40|| |
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