Unit 15. 'Subway and 'Super,power.
Prefixes and Word Stress (2)
|In some words with prefixes, the prefix itself is stressed. Most ofthese words are shown as having main stress on the prefix and, in somecases, secondary stress later in the word:|
subway /'sΛbweι/ superpower /'su:p∂,pau∂r/
Most words like this are nouns and include:
In these words the syllable with main stress usually has prominence in discourse:
We took the SUBway. I'm j ust off to the SUpermarket.
|However, other words with these prefixes have main stress on a syllableafer the prefix. Most words like this are adjectives and include:|
In these words the syllable with main stress usually has prominence in conversation:
They have to learn to co-eXIST The climate here is subTROPical.
but prominence may go on the syllable with secondary stress in some cases (see C).
|In many words with a prefix, there is secondary stress on the prefix, with main stress later in the word:|
,impre'cise ,disa'gree ,hyper'active
When these words are used in conversation they can have stress shift (see Unit 10B), with the prefix made prominent rather than the main stressed syllable. Compare:
Her answer was impreCISE. but: She gave an IMprecise ANswer.
He's hyperACtive. but: I work with HYperactive CHILdren.
He disaGREED. but: He DISagreed STRONGly.
|Here are some more words with prefixes which commonly have stress shift: ,decom'pose ,de'code ,diso'bedient ,disre'spectful ,imma'ture ,impo'lite ,mis'place ,mis'spelt ,recon'sider ,repro'duce ,unac'ceptable ,unsuc'cessful |
However, some other words with these prefixes rarely have stress shift, including: de'fame dis'honest im'practical ,mis'judge re'place un'popular.
|Here are the titles of some research papers given at a conference oneducation. Look at the words in bold some are given in A opposite andunderline the syllable that you think will be prominent.|
4 underachievers; subtitles
5 Superstars; counteroffensive (counteroffensive is also possible)
6 supernatural; undercurrents
7 co-writers; hypertext
8 international; counterparts
Example: Why do children become hyperactive?
Now listen and check your answers. Then read the titles aloud.
Match each word 1-7 with a word from the list a-g. Matched wordsmust have the same number of syllables and follow the same stresspattern. Words 1-7 are from A and B opposite.
Now listen and check your answers. Then listen again and repeat the words.
|Focus on the words in bold (some are given in C opposite), andunderline the syllable you think is likely to have prominence. Whichwords have stress shift (that is, prominence on the prefix), and whichdo not?|
Key.* indicates stress shift
4 misplaced *
Example: He was sacked for unacceptable conduct. (has stress shift)
1 She was wearing impractical shoes.
2 The government has promised to review hospital funding.
3 He tends to use rather impolite language.
4 There were too many misplaced passes in the football match.
5 The police have prosecuted a number of dishonest landlords.
6 The cream is very good for dehydrated skin.
7 He undressed quickly.
Now listen and check your answers. Then listen again and repeat the sentences.
| ||Unit 14 Unit 15 Unit 16|| |
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