Unit 27. I' ll Get It. These're Mine.
Unit 27; Part A
|A number of function words (see Unit 21) have contracted forms, written with an apostrophe:|
We don't use these contracted forms (except n't) at the end of a sentence:
I'm sure he will. (not: he'll.)
Note: am is contracted in I'm and us is contracted in let's.
Unit 27; Part B
|In speech, we ofen use these contracted forms after -|
Note: did is sometimes contracted to 'd afer wh- words:
Why'd you do that? ( = Why did you do that?)
Note: These contracted forms are less common in writing.
Unit 27; Part C
Important for listening!
Unit 27; Part D
Important for listening!
In informal speech, the contractions 'd (had) and 've (have) are sometimes left out in the verbs had better and have got to (see also Unit 28):
You ('d) better apologise to her.
You ('ve) gotta ( = got to) be joking.
First listen and repeat just the A parts, focusing on the contracted forms. Then match the A parts with the B parts.
Now listen and check your answers. Press 'pause' before each B part andread it aloud. Then press 'play' again and compare your pronunciationwith what follows.
|Underline words which could be contracted in these sentences. Then read the sentences aloud with contracted forms.|
Key.1 My feet'll get wet because my shoes've got holes in.
2 There's no butter, but this'll do instead.
3 I'm sure Ann'd help if she could.
4 How'd they know we'd be there? (Note that 'did' in 'How did . . .' isless likely to be contracted than other words in this exercise.)
5 Adam's phoned to say he isn't ready to go yet, but he'll call again when he is.
6 There've been four parcels delivered for you while you've been away.
7 What'll you do if Tom's already gone?
Example: Those are too big, but these will fit.
1 My feet will get wet because my shoes have got holes in.
2 There is no butter, but this will do instead.
3 I am sure Ann would help if she could.
4 How did they know we would be there?
5 Adam has phoned to say he is not ready to go yet, but he will call again when he is.
6 There have been four parcels delivered for you while you have been away.
7 What will you do if Tom has already gone?
Now listen and check your answers.
|Listen. Write what you hear in each space. Use contracted forms, but also think about what the non-contracted forms would be.|
Key.1 I'd've bought some more coffee if I'd known we'd run out. (= I would have; I had; we had)
2 The film won't've started yet, so we've got lots of time. (= will not have; we have)
3 I suppose they'll've closed by now, so we better come back tomorrow. (= they will have; we had better)
4 I wouldn't've gone if there'd been anything good on TV. (= I would not have; there had)
5 A: I shouldn't've had that last slice of pizza. B: I told you it'dmake you feel sick! (= I should not have; it would)
1 I'd bought some more coffee if _______ known _______ run out.
2 The film _______ started yet, so _______ got lots of time.
3 I suppose _______ closed by now, so _______ come back tomorrow.
4 _______ gone if _______ been anything good on TV.
5 A: _______ had that last slice of pizza. B: I told you _______ make you feel sick!
Follow up: Thelyrics to pop songs often contain contracted forms. Find lyrics tosongs you know. Which song contains the most contracted forms? Can yousay (or sing!) them all fluently?
| ||Unit 26 Unit 27 Unit 28|| |