Unit 34. I've Always been Terrified of Spiders.
Prominent words in speech units (2)
|Within a speech unit, we can emphasise different words to convey different meanings. Compare the replies in these conversations:|
A: How long have you been frightened of spiders?
B: // I've ALways been terrifed of spiders// (saying how long)
A: Why don't you try keeping a spider as a pet?
B: // I've always been TERrifed of spiders// (giving the reason)
A: Is there anything that really frightens you?
B: // I've always been terrifed of SPIders// (saying what frightens him)
A: I've just finished reading Homebush Boy.
B: // THAT'S the book I wanted// ( = I couldn't remember the title until you said it)
A: I'm going to read The Riders next.
B: // That's the book I wanted// (= it's a pity you got it first)
A: I couldn't get you The Collector, so I bought The Magus instead.
B: // That's the book I WANted// ( = you were wrong; I did want The Magus)
|We sometimes emphasise a word by making it prominent in order to -|
|Match each opening to the appropriate response. Prominent syllables in the responses have capital letters. |
Key.(Female speaker = Australia)
1a + (ii), 1b + (i);
2a + (ii), 2b + (i);
3a + (i), 3b + (ii);
4a + (ii), 4b + (i)
Now listen and check your answers.
|Underline the word in B's replies that you think is most likely to be prominent in each case. |
Key.(Speaker A = Spain)
1 She's got three SISters.
2 I'm going NEXT week.
3 It's in EAST Newtown.
4 We live at fifty-NINE.
5 I said I'd be there LAter.
6 It was a BIG mistake.
7 But I work at HOME on Fridays.
8 You should have taken the first on the RIGHT.
Example: A: What do you think Jill will want for lunch? B: She's coming after lunch.
1 A: Jean's got three brothers. B: She's got three sisters.
2 A: Have a good time in Paris this week. B: I'm going next week.
3 A: I thought the office was in West Newtown. B: It's in East Newtown.
4 A: You're at fifty-seven, aren't you? B: We live at fifty-nine.
5 A: You said you'd be there at 8.00. B: I said I'd be there later.
6 A: Do you think leaving school at 16 was a mistake? B: lt was a big mistake.
7 A: I'll see you in the office on Friday. B: But I work at home on Fridays.
8 A: We took the first on the left. B: You should have taken the first on the right.
Now listen, check your answers and then say the B parts aloud. Allof these are said in one speech unit with only one prominent word.Practise saying them without putting extra prominences in. (Forexample, say: // she's coming After lunch//, not: // she's COMing Afterlunch//.)
|Each A part in this conversation is said as one speech unit with twoprominent words. Underline the two words you think are most likely tobe prominent in each A part.|
Key.In an OLD house by the RIVer.
It's only a SHORT walk from the STAtion.
It's FIVE minutes from the BUS stop.
The FIRST house on the LEFT.
A: Why don't you come and see us?
B: Where do you live?
A: In an old house by the river.
B: I'd probably come by train.
A: It's only a short walk from the station.
B: And if I came by bus?
A: It's five minutes from the bus stop.
B: It's in Mill Lane, isn't it? Where exactly?
A: The first house on the left.
Now listen, check your answers, and then say the A parts aloud. Makesure you emphasise the two prominent words in each speech unit and linkall the words in the speech unit smoothly together without pauses.
| ||Unit 33 Unit 34 Unit 35|| |
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