Unit 55. One of the Paintings He Left to His Sister.
Dividing Prepared Speech into Units (2)
Unit 55; Part A
|In Unit 54, wesaw that in prepared speech we usually place a speech unit boundary atthe end of a clause. Speech unit boundaries also typically go beforeand after certain grammatical units within clauses. These are marked with // in the following example. Other speech unit boundaries are marked with //.|
Surprisingly// rates of heart disease// are rising again//.
One of the most likely reasons// for this increase// is excessive eating//.
As a result// levels of obesity// are going up// and people
are taking less exercise//.
In many parts of the country// this is becoming// a major// concern.
Unit 55; Part B
|In particular, we tend to put speech unit boundaries -|
Unit 55; Part C
|Wealso tend to put a speech unit boundary, usually with a pause, beforeinformation that we want listeners to focus particular attention on(see also Unit 60). For example:|
In today's talk, I want to introduce an important concept in language study ...
// discourse analysis.
|Listen and notice how attention is focused on the part in bold.|
1 Only one group benefited from the change in the law ... landowners.
2 And the name for this process is electrolysis.
3 Today we're going to look at a rapidly changing area of the media ... electronic publishing.
4 I'd like you to note particularly the spelling of the word 'definitive'.
Read the sentences aloud and focus attention on the part in bold in the same way.
|Use the information in Units 54 and 55 to prepare to read this textaloud. It is the first part of a conference talk on climate change.Think about where you will put speech unit boundaries and mark thesewith //. Read the text aloud and, if possible, record and listen toyourself. Make sure that words within speech units are run togethersmoothly.|
Now listen to the talk as it is said on the recording.
Follow up:Listen to the talk in Exercise 2 again and take notes. A few dayslater, record yourself giving the talk from your notes. Listen to therecording and identify any places where you might have improved thedivision of your speech into units.
| ||Unit 54 Unit 55 Unit 56|| |