Unit 55. One of the Paintings He Left to His Sister.
Dividing Prepared Speech into Units (2)
|In Unit 54, wesaw that in prepared speech we usually place a speech unit boundary atthe end of a clause. Speech unit boundaries also typically go beforeand after certain grammatical units within clauses. These are marked with // in the following example. Other speech unit boundaries are marked with //.
Surprisingly// rates of heart disease// are rising again//.
One of the most likely reasons// for this increase// is excessive eating//.
As a result// levels of obesity// are going up// and people
are taking less exercise//.
In many parts of the country// this is becoming// a major// concern.
|In particular, we tend to put speech unit boundaries -
|Wealso tend to put a speech unit boundary, usually with a pause, beforeinformation that we want listeners to focus particular attention on(see also Unit 60). For example:
In today's talk, I want to introduce an important concept in language study ...
// discourse analysis.
|Listen and notice how attention is focused on the part in bold.
1 Only one group benefited from the change in the law ... landowners.
2 And the name for this process is electrolysis.
3 Today we're going to look at a rapidly changing area of the media ... electronic publishing.
4 I'd like you to note particularly the spelling of the word 'definitive'.
Read the sentences aloud and focus attention on the part in bold in the same way.
|Use the information in Units 54 and 55 to prepare to read this textaloud. It is the first part of a conference talk on climate change.Think about where you will put speech unit boundaries and mark thesewith //. Read the text aloud and, if possible, record and listen toyourself. Make sure that words within speech units are run togethersmoothly.
Now listen to the talk as it is said on the recording.
|Unit 54 Unit 55 Unit 56