Unit 17. Have got and have.
You can use have got or have (without got). There is no difference in meaning:
• They've got a new car. or They have a new car.
• Lisa's got two brothers. or Lisa has two brothers.
• I've got a headache. or I have a headache.
• Our house has got a small garden. or Our house has a small garden.
• He's got a few problems. or He has a few problems.
With these meanings (possession etc.), you cannot use continuous forms (am having etc.):
• We're enjoying our holiday. We've got / We have a nice room in the hotel. (not We're having)
For the past we use had (without got):
• Lisa had long hair when she was a child. (not Lisa had got)
|Have you got any questions? |
Do you have any questions?
Have you any questions? (less usual)
Has she got a car?
Does she have a car?
Has she a car? (less usual)
|I haven't got any questions.|
I don't have any questions.
I haven't any questions, (less usual)
She hasn't got a car.
She doesn't have a car.
She hasn't a car. (less usual)
In past questions and negative sentences, we use did/didn't:
• Did you have a car when you were living in London?
• I didn't have a watch, so I didn't know the time.
• Lisa had long hair, didn't she?
We also use have (but not have got) for many actions and experiences. For example:
|have ||breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / something to eat etc.|
a bath / a shower / a swim / a break / a rest / a party / a holiday
an accident / an experience / a dream
a look (at something)
a chat / a conversation / a discussion (with somebody)
difficulty / trouble / fun / a good time etc.
a baby (= give birth to a baby)
Have got is not possible in the expressions in the box. Compare:
• Sometimes I have (= eat) a sandwich for my lunch. (not I've got)
but I've got / I have some sandwiches. Would you like one?
You can use continuous forms (am having etc.) with the expressions in the box:
• We're enjoying our holiday. We're having a great time. (not We have)
• Mike is having a shower at the moment. He has a shower every day.
In questions and negative sentences we use do/does/did:
• I don't usually have a big breakfast. (not I usually haven't)
• What time does Jenny have lunch? (not has Jenny lunch)
• Did you have difficulty finding a place to live?
Key.3 I haven't got a ladder. / I don't have a ladder.
4 We didn't have enough time.
5 He didn't have a map.
6 She hasn't got any money. / She doesn't have any money.
7 I haven't got enough energy. / I don't have enough energy.
8 They didn't have a camera.
1 I can't get into the house. (a key) I haven't got a кеу.
2 I couldn't read the letter. (my glasses) I didn't have my glasses.
3 I can't get onto the roof. (a ladder) I __________________________
4 We couldn't visit the museum. (enough time) We __________________________
5 He couldn't find his way to our house. (a map) __________________________
6 She can't pay her bills. (any money) __________________________
7 I can't go swimming today. (enough energy) __________________________
8 They couldn't take any photographs. (a camera) __________________________
Key.2 Have you got / Do you have
3 Did you have
4 Have you got / Do you have
5 Have you got / Do you have
6 did you have
7 Did you have
1 Excuse me, have you got a pen I could borrow?
2 Why are you holding your face like that? _______________ a toothache?
3 _______________ a lot of toys when you were a child?
4 A: _______________ the time, please?
B: Yes, it's ten past seven.
5 I need a stamp for this letter. _______________ one?
6 When you worked in your last job, _______________ your own office?
7 A: It started to rain very heavily while I was out.
B: _______________ an umbrella?
Write two sentences each time using I've got /I haven't got and I had/I didn't have. (You can also write about your family: We've got ... /We had ... etc.).
Key.2 I haven't got a bike (now). I had a bike (ten years ago).
3 I've got a mobile phone (now). I didn't have a mobile phone (ten years ago).
4 I haven't got a dog (now). I didn't have a dog (ten years ago).
5 I've got a guitar (now). I had a guitar (ten years ago).
6 I haven't got long hair (now). I didn't have long hair (ten years ago).
7 I've got a driving licence (now). I didn't have a driving licence (ten years ago).
1 (a car) I've got a car.
2 (a bike) I _______________________
3 (a mobile phone) _______________________
4 (a dog) _______________________
5 (a guitar) _______________________
6 (long hair) _______________________
7 (a driving licence) _______________________
ten years ago
Key.2 has a break
3 had a party
4 have a look
5 's having/ is having a nice time
6 had a chat
7 Did you have difficulty
8 had a baby
9 was having a shower
10 Did you have a good flight?
have a baby have a break have a chat have difficulty have a good flight
have a look
2 David starts work at 8 o'clock and _____________ at 10.30.
3 We _____________ last week. It was great - we invited lots of people.
4 Excuse me, can I _____________ at your newspaper, please?
5 Jim is away on holiday at the moment. I hope he _____________.
6 I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and _____________.
7 A: _____________ finding the book you wanted?
B: No, I found it OK.
8 Suzanne _____________ a few weeks ago. It's her second child.
9 A: Why didn't you answer the phone?
B: I _____________.
10 Yon meet your friend Sally at the airport. She has just arrived. You say:
Hi. Sally. How are you? _____________?
| ||Unit 16 Unit 17 Unit 18|