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Unit 61. Be / get used to something (I'm used to ...)

Unit 61; Part A

galka.jpgStudy this example situation: 61.1.jpg

Unit 61; Part B

galka.jpgI'm used to something = it is not new or strange for me:

    Frank lives alone. He doesn't mind this because he has lived alone for 15 years. It is not strange for him. He is used to it. He is used to living alone.

    I bought some new shoes. They felt a bit strange at first because I wasn't used to them.
    Our new flat is on a very busy street. I expect we'll get used to the noise, but at the moment it's very disturbing.
    Diane has a new job. She has to get up much earlier now than before - at 6.30. She finds this difficult because she isn't used to getting up so early.
    Barbara's husband is often away from home. She doesn't mind this. She is used to him being away.

Unit 61; Part C

galka.jpgAfter be/get used you cannot use the infinitive (to do / to drive etc.). We say:

    She is used to driving on the left. 
(not She is used to drive)

When we say 'I am used to something', to is a preposition, not a part of the infinitive. So we say:

    Frank is used to living alone. (not Frank is used to live)
    Lisa had to get used to driving on the left. 
(not get used to drive)

Unit 61; Part D

galka.jpgDo not confuse I am used to doing and I used to do:
I am used to (doing) something = it isn't strange or new for me:
    I am used to the weather in this country.
    I am used to driving on the left because I've lived in Britain a long time.

I used to do something
= I did it regularly in the past but no longer do it. You can use this only for the past, not for the present.
The structure is 'I used to do' (not i am used to do'):
    I used to drive to work every day, but these days I usually go by bike.
    We used to live in a small village, but now we live in London.


flag.jpgLook again at the situation in Section A onthe opposite page ('Lisa is American ...'). The following situationsare similar. Complete the sentences using used to.
Key.1    When Juan first went to England, he wasn't used to having dinnerso early, but after some time he got used to it. Now he finds itnormal. He is used to eating / is used to having dinner at 6 o'clock.
2  She wasn't used to working nights and it took her a few months to getused to it. Now, after a year, she's quite happy. She is used toworking nights.

1    Juan is Spanish and went to live in England. In Spain he usuallyhad dinner late in the evening, but in England dinner was at 6 o'clock.This was very early for him and he found it very strange at first.
     WhenJuan first went to England, he _____________ dinner so early, but aftersome time he _____________ it. Now he finds it normal. He _____________at 6 o'clock.
2    Julia is a nurse. A year ago she started working nights. At first she found it hard and didn't like it.
     She_____________ nights and it took her a few months to _____________ it.Now, after a year, she's quite happy. She _____________ nights.

flag.jpgWhat do you say in these situations? Use I'm (not) used to ... .
Key.2    No, I'm used to sleeping on the floor.
3    I'm used to working long hours.
4    Yes, I'm not used to going to bed so late.

1    You live alone. You don't mind this. You have always lived alone.
     FRIEND:   Do you get a bit lonely sometimes?
     YOU:       No,    I'm used to living alone.   
2    You sleep on the floor. You don't mind this. You have always slept on the floor.
     FRIEND:   Wouldn't you prefer to sleep in a bed?
     YOU:        No. I _________________________
3    You have to work long hours in your job. This is not a problem for you. You have always worked long hours.
     FRIEND:   You have to work very long hours in your job, don't you?
      YOU:       Yes. but I don't mind that. I _________________________
4   You usually go to bed early. Last night you went to bed very late (foryou) and as a result you are very tired this morning.
     FRIEND:   You look tired this morning.
     YOU:       Yes, _________________________
flag.jpgRead the situations and complete the sentences using used to.
Key.2    They soon got used to her. / ... to the/their new teacher.
3    She had to get used to living in a much smaller house.
4    (example answers) They'll have to get used to the weather. / ...to the food. / ... to speaking a foreign language.

1    Some friends of yours have just moved into a flat on a busy street. It is very noisy.
      They'll have to    get used to the noise.   
2   The children at school had a new teacher. She was different from theteacher before her, but this wasn't a problem for the children.
      They soon ________________________
3    Sue moved from a big house to a much smaller one. She found it strange at first.
      She had to ________________________ in a much smaller house.
4    Some people you know from Britain are going to live in your country. What will they have to get used to?
     They'll have to ________________________
flag.jpgComplete the sentences using only one word each time (see Section C).
Key.3    drink
4    eating
5    having
6    have
7    go
8    be
9    being

1    Lisa had to get used to    driving    on the left.
2    We used to    live    in a small village, but now we live in London.
3    Dan used to __________ a lot of coffee. Now he prefers tea.
4    I feel very full after that meal. I'm not used to __________ so much.
5    I wouldn't like to share an office. I'm used to __________ my own office.
6    I used to __________ a car, but I sold it a few months ago.
7    When we were children, we used to __________ swimming very often.
8    There used to __________ a cinema here, but it was knocked down a few years ago.
9    I'm the boss here! I'm not used to __________ told what to do.

Unit 60      Unit 61     Unit 62 forward.jpg