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Unit 77. Names with and without the 1

Unit 77; Part A

galka.jpgWe do not use the with names of people ('Helen', 'Helen Taylor' etc.). In the same way, we do not normally use the with names of places. For example:
But we use the in names with Republic, Kingdom, States etc. :
the Czech Republic                 the United Kingdom (the UK)
the Dominican Republic        the United States of America (the USA)

•     Have you been to Canada or the United States?

Unit 77; Part B

galka.jpgWhen we use Mr/Mrs/Captain/Doctor etc. + a name, we do not use the. So we say:

Mr Johnson / Doctor Johnson / Captain Johnson / President Johnson etc.  (not the ...)
Uncle Robert / Saint Catherine / Princess Maria etc.  (not the ...)

•     We called the doctor.
      We called Doctor Johnson.
(not the Doctor Johnson)

We use mount
(= mountain) and lake in the same way (without the):
Mount Everest {not the ...)    Mount Etna    Lake Superior    Lake Constance
•    They live near the lake.
     They live near Lake Constance.
  (not the Lake Constance)

Unit 77; Part C

galka.jpgWe use the with the names of oceans, seas, rivers and canals:
the Atlantic (Ocean)
Indian Ocean

the Red Sea 
(between France and Britain)  
the Amazon
e Nile
Suez Canal

We use the with the names of deserts:

the Sahara (Desert)    the Gobi Desert

Unit 77; Part D

galka.jpgWe use the with plural names of people and places:

groups of islands   
mountain ranges
the Taylors (= the Taylor family), the Johnsons
the Netherlands, the Philippines, the United States
the Canaries / the Canary Islands, the Bahamas
the Rocky Mountains / the Rockies, the Andes, the Alps

    The highest mountain in the Alps is Mont Blanc.

Unit 77; Part E

galka.jpgWe say:

the north (of Brazil)            but    northern Brazil (without the)
the south-east (of Spain)    but    south-eastern Spain


    Sweden is in northern Europe; Spain is in the south.

Also the Middle East, the Far East

We also use north/south
etc. (without the) in the names of some regions and countries:
      North America        South Africa

Note that on maps, the is not usually included in the name.


flag.jpgPut in the where necessary. Leave the space empty if the sentence is already complete.
Key.2    the
3    the ... the
4    — (President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.)
5    the
6    - (Do you know Professor Brown's phone number?)

1    Who is    -    Doctor Johnson?  (the sentence is complete without the)
2    I was ill, so I went to see _____ doctor.
3    The most powerful person in _____ United States is _____ president.
4    _____ President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.
5    Do you know _____ Wilsons? They're a very nice couple.
6    Do you know _____ Professor Brown's phone number?

flag.jpgSome of these sentences are correct, but some need the (sometimes more than once). Correct the sentences where necessary.
Key.3    OK
4    the United States
5    The south of England ... the north
6    OK
7    the Channel
8    the Middle East
9    OK
10  the Swiss Alps
11  The UK
12  The Seychelles ... the Indian Ocean
13  OK
14  The river Volga ... the Caspian Sea

1    Everest was first climbed in 1953.    OK   
2    Milan is in north of Italy.    In the north of Italy   
3    Africa is much larger than Europe. _____________________
4    Last year I visited Mexico and United States. _____________________
5    South of England is warmer than north. _____________________
6    Portugal is in western Europe. _____________________
7    France and Britain are separated by Channel. _____________________
8    Jim has travelled a lot in Middle East. _____________________
9    Chicago is on Lake Michigan. _____________________
10  Next year we're going skiing in Swiss Alps. _____________________
11  UK consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. _____________________
12  Seychelles are a group of islands in Indian Ocean. _____________________
13  Africa's highest mountain is Kilimanjaro (5895 metres). _____________________
14  River Volga flows into Caspian Sea. _____________________
flag.jpgHere are some geography questions. Choose the right answer from one of the boxes and write the if necessary. You do not need all the names in the boxes. Use an atlas if necessary.
Key.2    (in) South America
3    the Nile
4    Sweden
5    the United States
6    the Rockies
7    the Mediterranean
8    Australia
9    the Pacific
10  the Indian Ocean
11  the Thames
12  the Danube
13  Thailand
14  the Panama Canal
15  the Amazon

North America
South America

United States

oceans and seas
Indian Ocean
Black Sea
Red Sea


rivers and canals
Amazon        Rhine
Danube         Thames
Nile               Volga
Suez Canal   
Panama Canal

1    What do you have to cross to travel from Europe to America?     The Atlantic   
2    Where is Argentina? _________________________
3    Which is the longest river in Africa? _________________________
4    Of which country is Stockholm the capital? _________________________
5    Of which country is Washington the capital? _________________________
6    What is the name of the mountain range in the west of North America? _________________________
7    What is the name of the sea between Africa and Europe? _________________________
8    Which is the smallest continent in the world? _________________________
9    What is the name of the ocean between North America and Asia? _________________________
10  What is the name of the ocean between Africa and Australia? _________________________
11  Which river flows through London? _________________________
12  Which river flows through Vienna, Budapest and Belgrade? _________________________
13  Of which country is Bangkok the capital? _________________________
14  What joins the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans? _________________________
15  Which is the longest river in South America? _________________________

Unit 76      Unit 77     Unit 78 forward.jpg

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