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Unit 90. All, every and whole

Unit 90; Part A

galka.jpgAll and everybody/everyone
We do not normally use all to mean everybody / everyone:

   •    Everybody enjoyed the party.  (not All enjoyed)

But we say all of us/you/them
(not everybody of...):
   •    All of us enjoyed the party.  (not Everybody of us)

Unit 90; Part B

galka.jpgAll and everything
Sometimes you can use all or everything:

   •    I'll do all I can to help.    or   I'll do everything I can to help.

You can say 'all I can' / 'all you need'
etc., but we do not normally use all alone:
   •    He thinks he knows everything (not he knows all)
   •    Our holiday was a disaster. Everything went wrong. 
(not All went wrong) B

But you can say all about:

   •    He knows all about computers.

We also use
all (not everything) to mean 'the only thing(s)':
   •    All I've eaten today is a sandwich.  (= the only thing I've eaten today)

Unit 90; Part C

galka.jpgEvery / everybody / everyone / everything are singular words, so we use a singular verb:

   •    Every seat in the theatre was taken.
   •    Everybody has arrived. 
(not have arrived)

But you can use they / them / their after everybody / everyone:

   •    Everybody said they enjoyed themselves.  (= he or she enjoyed himself or herself)

Unit 90; Part D

galka.jpgWhole and all
Whole = complete, entire. Most often we use whole with singular nouns:
   •    Did you read the whole book(= all the book, not just a part of it)
   •    Emily has lived her whole life in Scotland.
   •    I was so hungry, I ate a whole packet of biscuits.
  (= a complete packet)

We use the / my / her
etc. before whole. Compare whole and all:
       the whole book / all the book        her whole life / all her life

We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns.
We say:
   •    I've spent all the money you gave me.  (not the whole money)

Unit 90; Part E

galka.jpgEvery / all / whole with time words
We use every to say how often something happens
(every day / every Monday / every ten minutes / every three weeks etc.):
   •    When we were on holiday, we went to the beach every day (not all days)
   •    The bus service is excellent. There's a bus every ten minutes.
   •    We don't see each other very often - about every six months.

All day / the whole day
= the complete day from beginning to end:
   •    We spent all day / the whole day on the beach.
   •    Dan was very quiet. He didn't say a word all evening / the wholeevening.

Note that we say all day
(not all the day), all week (not allthe week) etc.
Compare all the time and every time:
   •    They never go out. They are at home all the time (= always, continuously)
   •    Every time I see you, you look different.
  (= each time, on every occasion)


flag.jpgComplete these sentences with all, everything or everybody/everyone.
Key.3    Everybody/Everyone
4    Everything
5    all
6    everybody/everyone
7    everything
8    All
9    everybody/everyone
10  All
11  everything/all
12  Everybody/Everyone
13  All
14  everything

1    It was a good party.      Everybody    enjoyed it.
2       All    I've eaten today is a sandwich.
3    ___________ has their faults. Nobody is perfect.
4    Nothing has changed. ___________ is the same as it was.
5    Kate told me ___________ about her new job. It sounds quite interesting.
6    Can ___________ write their names on a piece of paper, please?
7    Why are you always thinking about money? Money isn't ___________.
8    I didn't have much money with me. ___________ I had was ten pounds.
9    When the fire alarm rang, ___________ left the building immediately.
10  Sue didn't say where she was going. ___________ she said was that she was going away.
11  We have completely different opinions. I disagree with ___________ she says.
12  We all did well in the examination. ___________ in our class passed.
13  We all did well in the examination. ___________ of us passed.
14  Why are you so lazy? Why do you expect me to do ___________ for you?
flag.jpgWrite sentences with whole.
Key.2    The whole team played well.
3    He ate the whole box (of chocolates).
4    They searched the whole house.
5    The whole family play/plays tennis.
6    Ann/She worked the whole day.
7    It rained the whole week.
8    Ann worked all day.
9    It rained all week.

1    I read the book from beginning to end.
      I read the whole book.                                
2    Everyone in the team plaved well.
     The ________________________________
3    Paul opened a box of chocolates. When he finished eating, there were no chocolates left in the box. 
      He ate _____________________________
4    The police came to the house. They were looking for something. They searched everywhere, every room.
      They _______________________________
5    Everyone in Dave and Jane's family plays tennis. Dave and Jane play, and so do all their children.
      The ________________________________
6    Ann worked from early in the morning until late in the evening.
7    Jack and Jill went on holiday to the seaside for a week. It rained from the beginning of the week to the end.
      It __________________________________

Now write sentences 6 and 7 again using all instead of whole.

8    (6)  Ann ______________________________________________
9    (7)  __________________________________________________ 
flag.jpgComplete these sentences using every with the following:
Key.2    every four hours
3    every four years
4    every five minutes
5    every six months
five minutes       ten minutes       four hours       six months        four years
1    The bus service is very good. There's a bus    every ten minutes.   
2    Tom is ill. He has some medicine. He has to take it ___________________.
3    The Olympic Games take place ___________________.
4    We live near a busy airport. A plane flies over our house ___________________.
5    Martin has a check-up with his dentist ___________________.
flag.jpgWhich is the correct alternative?
Key.2    every day
3    all day
4    The whole building
5    every time
6    all the time
7    all my luggage

1    I've spent the whole money / all the money you gave me.  (all the money is correct)
2    Sue works every day / all days except Sunday.
3    I'm tired. I've been working hard all the day / all day.
4    It was a terrible fire.  Whole building / The whole building was destroyed.
5    I've been trying to phone her, but every time / all the time I phone the line is busy.
6    I don't like the weather here. It rains every time / all the time.
7    When I was on holiday, all my luggage / my whole luggage was stolen.

Unit 89      Unit 90     Unit 91 forward.jpg

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