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Unit 93. Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who / that / which

Unit 93; Part A

galka.jpgLook at these example sentences from Unit 92:
You must use who / that / which when it is the subject oi the relative clause. So you cannot say 'The woman lives next door is a doctor' or 'Where is the cheese was in the fridge?'

Unit 93; Part B

galka.jpgSometimes who / that / which is the object of the verb. For example:93.2.jpg

When who / that / which is the object, you can leave it out. So you can say:
      The woman I wanted to see was away.    or   The woman who I wanted to see ...
      Have you found the keys you lost?    or   ... the keys that you lost?
      The dress Liz bought doesn't fit her very well.  
or   The dress that Liz bought ...
      Is there anything I can do
  or   ... anything that I can dot

Note that we say:
        the keys you lost (not the keys you lost them)
        the dress Liz bought (not the dress Liz bought it)

Unit 93; Part C

galka.jpgNote the position of prepositions (in/to/for etc.) in relative clauses:
       Are these the books you were looking for?   or   ... the books that / which you were ...
       The woman he fell in love with left him after a month.
  or   The woman who / that he ...
       The man I was sitting next to on the plane talked all the time.  
or   The man who / that I was sitting next to ...

Note that we say:
      the books you were looking for (not the books you were looking for them)

Unit 93; Part D

galka.jpgYou cannot use what in sentences like these (see also Unit 92C):

      Everything (that) they said was true.  (not Everything what they said)
      I gave her all the money (that) I had.  (not all the money what I had)

= 'the thing(s) that':
      Did you hear what they said (= the things that they said)


flag.jpgIn some of these sentences you need who or that. Correct the sentences where necessary.
Key.3    OK (the people who/that we met is also correct) 4    The peoplewho work in the office 5    OK (the people who/that I work with is alsocorrect) 6    OK (the money that/which I gave you is also correct) 7   the money that/which was on the table 8    OK (the worst filmthat/which you've ever seen is also correct) 9    the best thingthat/which has ever happened to you
1    The woman lives next door is a doctor.
2    Have you found the keys you lost?
3    The people we met last night were very nice.
4    The people work in the office are very nice.       
5    The people I work with are very nice.       
6    What have you done with the money I gave you?       
7    What happened to the money was on the table?       
8    What's the worst film you've ever seen?
9    What's the best thing it has ever happened to you?
  The woman who lives next door.  

flag.jpgWhat do you say in these situations? Complete each sentence with a relative clause.
Key.2    you're wearing  or  that/which you're wearing
3    you're going to see    or   that/which you're going to see
4    I/we wanted to visit    or   that/which I/we wanted to visit
5    I/we invited to the party    or who/whom/that we invited ...
6    you had to do    or that/which you had to do
7    I/we hired   or that/which I/we hired
8    Tom had recommended to us or   that/which Tom had recommended ...

1    Your friend lost some keys. You want to know if he has found them. You say:
     Have you found    the keys you lost    ?
2    A friend is wearing a dress. You like it. You tell her:
     I like the dress ___________________
3    A friend is going to see a film. You want to know the name of the film. You say:
     What's the name of the film ___________________?
4    You wanted to visit a museum. It was shut when you got there. You tell a friend:
     The museum ___________________ was shut when we got there.
5    You invited some people to your party. Some of them couldn't come. You tell someone:
      Some of the people ___________________ couldn't come.
6    Your friend had to do some work. You want to know if she has finished. You say:
     Have you finished the work ___________________?
7    You hired a car. It broke down after a few miles. You tell a friend:
     The car ___________________ broke down after a few miles.
8    You stayed at a hotel. Tom had recommended it to you. You tell a friend:
      We stayed at a hotel ___________________.

flag.jpgComplete each sentence using a relative clause with a preposition. Choose from the box.
Key.2    we were invited to    or   that/which we were invited to
3    I work with    or   who/that I work with
4    you told me about   or   that/which you told me about
5    we went to last night   or that/which we went to ...
6    I applied for    or   that/which I applied for
7    you can rely on    or    who/that you can rely on
8    I saw you with    or   who/that I saw you with

we went to a party last night
I work with some people
you were looking for some books
you can rely on Gary
I applied for a job
I saw you with a man
we were invited to a wedding
you told me about a hotel

1    Are these the books    you were looking for    ?
2    Unfortunately we couldn't go to the wedding ___________________________.
3    I enjoy my job. I like the people ___________________________.
4    What's the name of that hotel ___________________________?
5    The party ___________________________ wasn't very enjoyable.
6    I didn't get the job ___________________________.
7    Gary is a good person to know. He's somebody ___________________________.
8    Who was that man ___________________________ in the restaurant?

flag.jpgPut in that or what where necessary. If the sentence is already complete, leave the space empty.
Key.3    - (that is also correct)
4    what
5    that
6    what
7    - (that is also correct)
8    what
9    - (that is also correct)

1    I gave her all the money     -     I had.  (all the money that I had is also correct)
2    Did you hear    what    they said?
3    They give their children everything ___________ they want.
4    Tell me ___________ you want and I'll try to get it for you.
5    Why do you blame me for everything ___________ goes wrong?
6    I won't be able to do much, but I'll do ___________ I can.
7    I won't be able to do much, but I'll do the best ___________ I can.
8    I don't agree with ___________ you've just said.
9    I don't trust him. I don't believe anything ___________ he says.

Unit 92      Unit 93     Unit 94 forward.jpg

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