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Unit 111. Still, yet and already. Any more / any longer / no longer

Unit 111; Part A

We use still to say that a situation or action is continuing. It hasn't changed or stopped:

       It's ten o'clock and Joe is still in bed.
       When I went to bed, Chris was still working.
       Do you still want to go away or have you changed your mind?

usually goes in the middle of the sentence with the verb
(see Unit 110).

Unit 111; Part B

galka.jpgAny more / any longer / no longer
We use not ... any more or not ... any longer to say that a situation has changed. Any more and any longer go at the end of a sentence:

       Lucy doesn't work here any more (or any longer). She left last month.
       (not Lucy doesn't still work here.)
       We used to be good friends, but we aren't any more (or any longer).

You can also use no longer. No longer goes in the middle of the sentence:

       Lucy no longer works here.

Note that we do not normally use no more in this way:

       We are no longer friends.  (not We are no more friends.)

Compare still and not ... any more:

       Sally still works here, but Lucy doesn't work here any more.

Unit 111; Part C

= until now. We use yet mainly in negative sentences (He isn't here yet) and questions (Is he here yet?). Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen.
Yet usually goes at the end of a sentence:

       It's 10 o'clock and Joe isn't here yet.
       Have you met your new neighbours yet?
       'Where are you going for your holidays?'    'We don't know yet.'

We often use yet with the present perfect
(Have you met ... yet?'). See Unit 7C.

Compare yet and still:
       Mike lost his job six months ago and is still unemployed.

          Mike lost his job six months ago and hasn't found another job yet.
       Is it still raining?
         Has it stopped raining yet?

is also possible in negative sentences
(before the negative):
       She said she would be here an hour ago and she still hasn't come.

This is similar to 'she hasn't come yet'. But still ... not shows a stronger feeling of surprise or impatience.
       I wrote to him last week. He hasn't replied yet.  (but I expect he will reply soon)
       I wrote to him months ago and he still hasn't replied.  (he should have replied before now)

Unit 111; Part D

We use already to say that something happened sooner than expected. Already usually goes in the middle of a sentence
(see Unit 110):
       'What time is Sue leaving?'    'She has already left.'  (= sooner than you expected)
       Shall I tell Joe what happened or does he already know?
       I've only just had lunch and I'm already hungry.


flag.jpgCompare what Paul said a few years ago withwhat he says now. Some things are the same as before and some thingshave changed. Write sentences with still and any more.
Key.3    He doesn't write poems any more.
4    He still wants to be a teacher.
5    He isn't / He's not interested in politics any more.
6    He's still single.
7    He doesn't go fishing any more.
8    He hasn't got a beard any more.  or   He doesn't have ...
He no longer writes poems.
He is / He's no longer interested in politics.
He no longer goes fishing.
He's no longer got a beard. / He no longer has a beard.

1    (travel)    He still travels a lot.                               
2    (shop)     He doesn't work in a shop any more.   
3    (poems)  He ________________________________
4    (teacher) ___________________________________
5    (politics)  ___________________________________
6    (single)   ___________________________________
7    (fishing)  ___________________________________
8    (beard)   ___________________________________
Now write three sentences about Paul using no longer.

9     He no longer works in a shop.                              
10   ____________________________________________
11   ____________________________________________
12   ____________________________________________

flag.jpgFor each sentence (with still) write a sentence with a similar meaning using not ... yet + one of the following verbs:
Key.2    He hasn't gone yet.
3    They haven't finished (repairing the road) yet.
4    They haven't woken up yet.
5    Has she found a place to live yet?
6    I haven't decided (what to do) yet.
7    It hasn't taken off vet.

decide       find        finish      go      stop      take off       wake up
1    It's still raining.   It hasn't stopped raining yet.   
2    Gary is still here.  He _____________________________
3    They're still repairing the road.  They _____________________________
4    The children are still asleep.   _____________________________     
5    Is Ann still looking for a place to live?    _____________________________       
6    I'm still wondering what to do.    _____________________________    
7    The plane is still waiting on the runway.    _____________________________   

flag.jpgPut in still, yet, already or any more in the underlined sentence (or part of the sentence). Study the examples carefully.
Key.5    I don't want to go out yet.
6    she doesn't work there any more
7    I still have a lot of friends there.   or   I've still got...
8    We've already met.
9    Do you still live in the same place
10  have you already eaten
11  He's not here yet.
12  he still isn't here (he isn't here yet is also possible)
13  are you already a member
14  I can still remember it very clearly
15  These trousers don't fit me any more.
16  'Have you finished with the paper yet?'    'No. I'm still reading it.'

1    Mike lost his job a year ago and he is unemployed.    he is still unemployed    
2    Shall I tell Joe what happened or does he know   does he already know   
3    I'm hungry. Is dinner ready   Is dinner ready yet?   
4    I was hungry earlier, but I'm not hungry.     I'm not hungry any more   
5    Can we wait a few minutes? I don't want to go out.   
6    Jenny used to work at the airport, but she doesn't work there.   
7    I used to live in Amsterdam. I have a lot of friends there.   
8    'Shall I introduce you to Joe?'    'There's no need.  We've met.'     
9    Do you live in the same place or have you moved?      
10  Would you like to eat with us or have you eaten?     
11  'Where's John?'    'He's not here. He'll be here soon.'     
12  Tim said he'd be here at 8.30. It's 9 o'clock now and he isn't here.   
13  Do you want to join the club or are you a member?      
14    It happened a long time ago, but I can remember it very clearly.   
15    I've put on weight. These trousers don't fit me.   
16    'Have you finished with the paper?'    'No, I'm reading it.'

Unit 110      Unit 111     Unit 112 forward.jpg

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