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Unit 143. Phrasal verbs 7. Up (1)

Unit 143; Part A

galka.jpggo up / come up / walk up (to ...)  = approach
   •    A man came up to me in the street and asked me for money.

catch up
(with somebody), catch somebody up = move faster than somebody in front of yon so that you reach them
   •    I'm not ready to go yet. You go on and I'll catch up with you / I'll catch you up.

keep up
(with somebody) = continue at the same speed or level
   •    You're walking too fast. I can't keep up (with you).
   •    You're doing well. Keep it up!

Unit 143; Part B

galka.jpgset up an organisation, a company, a business, a system, a website etc.  = start it
   •    The government has set up a committee to investigate the problem.

take up
a hobby, a sport, an activity
etc.  = start doing it
   •    Laura took up photography a few years ago. She takes really good pictures.

fix up
a meeting
etc.  = arrange it
   •    We've fixed up a meeting for next Monday.

Unit 143; Part C

galka.jpggrow up  = become an adult
   •    Sarah was born in Ireland but grew up in England.

bring up a
  = raise, look after a child
   •    Her parents died when she was a child and she was brought up by her grandparents.

Unit 143; Part D

galka.jpgclean up / clear up / tidy up something = make it clean, tidy etc
   •    Look at this mess! Who's going to tidy up (or tidy it up)

wash up
  = wash the plates, dishes etc. after a meal
   •    I hate washing up (or I hate doing the washing-up.)

Unit 143; Part E

galka.jpgend up somewhere, end up doing something etc.
   •    There was a fight in the street and three men ended up in hospital.
  (= that's what happened to these men in the end)
   •    I couldn't find a hotel and ended up sleeping on a bench at the station.
  (= that's what happened to me in the end)

give up
= stop trying, give something up = stop doing it
   •    Don't give up. Keep trying!
   •    Sue got bored with her job and decided to give it up.
  (= stop doing it)

make up
something / be made up of something
   •    Children under 16 make up half the population of the city. 
(= half the population are children under 16)
   •    Air is made up mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.  (= Air consists of...)

take up
space or time 
= use space or time
   •    Most of the space in the room was taken up by a large table.

turn up / show up
  = arrive, appear
   •    We arranged to meet Dave last night, but he didn't turn up.

something up 
= use all of it so that nothing is left
   •    I'm going to take a few more photographs. I want to use up the rest of the film.


flag.jpgLook at the pictures and complete the sentences. Use three words each time, including a verb from Section A.
Key.2    went up to / walked up to
3    catch up with
4    keep up with


flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use the following verbs (in the correct form) + up:
Key.2    used up
3    washed up
4    grow up
5    turn up
6    gave up
7    taking up
8    give up
9    ended up
10  takes up
11  make up

end       end       give       give       grow       make        take       take       turn        use       wash
1    I couldn't find a hotel and    ended up    sleeping on a bench at the station.
2    I'm feeling very tired now. I've _______________ all my energy.
3    After dinner I _______________ and put the dishes away.
4    People often ask children what they want to be when they _______________.
5    We invited Tim to the party, but he didn't _______________.
6    Two years ago Mark _______________ his studies to be a professional footballer.
7    A: Do you do any sports?
     B: Not at the moment, but I'm thinking of _______________ tennis.
8    You don't have enough determination. You _______________ too easily.
9    Karen travelled a lot for a few years and _______________ in Canada, where she still lives.
10  I do a lot of gardening. It _______________ most of my free time.
11  There are two universities in the city, and students _______________ 20 per cent of the population.

flag.jpgComplete the sentences. Use the following verbs + up (with any other necessary words):
Key.3    tidy it up / tidy up
4    fixed it up
5    keep up with
6    was brought up
7    keep it up
8    went up to
9    was made up of
10  set it up / fix it up
bring       catch       fix       give       go       keep     keep        make       set       tidy
1    Sue got bored with her job and decided to    give it up  .   
2    I'm not ready yet. You go on and I'll    catch it up    you.
3    The room is in a mess. I'd better ______________________.
4    We expect to go away on holiday sometime in July, but we haven't ______________________ yet.
5    Stephen is having problems at school. He can't ______________________ the rest of the class.
6    Although I ______________________ in the country, I have always preferred cities.
7    Our team started the game well, but we couldn't ______________________, and in the end we lost.
8    I saw Mike at the party, so I ______________________ him and said hello.
9   When I was on holiday, I joined a tour group. The group______________________ two Americans, three Germans, five Italians andmyself.
10  Helen has her own internet website. A friend of hers helped her to ______________________.

Unit 142      Unit 143     Unit 144 forward.jpg

Как показывают исследования, большинство современных городских жителей страдает от недостатка физических нагрузок.  Приобретение домашних тренажёров, беговых дорожек или велотренажёров является оптимальным выходом в этом случае.