Unit 141. Phrasal verbs 5. On / off (2)
Verb + on = continue doing something
drive on / walk on / play on = continue walking/driving/playing etc.
• Shall we stop at this petrol station or shall we drive on to the next one?
go on = continue
• The party went on until 4 o'clock in the morning.
go on / carry on (doing something) = continue (doing something)
• We can't go on spending money like this. We'll have nothing left soon.
• I don't want to carry on working here. I'm going to look for another job.
Also go on with / carry on with something
• Don't let me disturb you. Please carry on with what you're doing.
keep on doing something = do it continuously or repeatedly
• He keeps on criticising me. I'm fed up with it!
get on = progress
• How are you getting on in your new job? (= How is it going?)
get on (with somebody) = have a good relationship
• Joanne and Karen don't get on. They're always arguing.
• Richard gets on well with his neighbours. They're all very friendly.
get on with something = continue doing something you have to do, usually after an interruption
• I must get on with my work. I have a lot to do.
Verb + off
doze off / drop off / nod off = fall asleep
• The lecture wasn't very interesting. In fact I dropped off in the middle of it.
finish something off = do the last part of something
• A: Have you finished painting the kitchen?
B: Nearly. I'll finish it off tomorrow.
go off = explode
• A bomb went off in the city centre, but fortunately nobody was hurt.
Also an alarm can go off = ring
• Did you hear the alarm go off?
put somebody off (doing something) = cause somebody not to want something or to something
• We wanted to go to the exhibition, but we were put off by the long queue.
• What put you off applying for the job? Was the salary too low?
rip somebody off = cheat somebody (informal)
• Did you really pay £1,000 for that painting? I think you were ripped off. (= you paid too much)
show off = try to impress people with your ability, your knowledge etc.
• Look at that boy on the bike riding with no hands. He's just showing off.
tell somebody off = speak angrily to somebody because they did something wrong
• Clare's mother told her off for wearing dirty shoes in the house.
Change the underlined words. Keep the same meaning, but use a verb + on or off.
Key.2 went on / carried on
3 walked on / carried on / carried on walking
4 dozed off / dropped off / nodded off
5 go on / carry on
6 went off
7 keeps on phoning me
1 Did you hear the bomb explode?
Did you hear the bomb go off ?
2 The meeting continued longer than I expected.
The meeting _________ longer than I expected.
3 We didn't stop to rest. We continued walking.
We didn't stop to rest. We ________________.
4 I fell asleep while I was watching TV.
I __________ while I was watching TV.
5 Gary doesn't want to retire. He wants to continue working.
Gary doesn't want to retire. He wants to ________ working.
6 The fire alarm rang in the middle of the night.
The fire alarm ____ in the middle of the night.
7 Martin phones me continuously. It's very annoying.
Martin _______________________. It's very annoying.
Complete each sentence using a verb + on or off.
Key.2 went off
3 finish off
4 drive on / carry on
5 ripped off
6 getting on
7 dozed off / dropped off / nodded off
8 told off
9 get on
10 going off
11 keep on
12 get on
13 showing off
14 put off
1 We can't go on spending money like this. We'll have nothing left soon.
2 I was standing by the car when suddenly the alarm _______________.
3 I'm not ready to go home yet. I have a few things to _______________.
4 'Shall I stop the car here?' 'No, _______________.'
5 Bill paid too much for the car he bought. I think he was _______________.
6 'Is Emma enjoying her course at university?' 'Yes, she's _______________ very well.'
7 I was very tired at work today. I nearly _______________ at my desk a couple of times.
8 Ben was _______________ by his boss for being late for work repeatedly.
9 I really like working with my colleagues. We all _______________ really well together.
10 There was a very loud noise. It sounded like a bomb _______________.
11 I _______________ making the same mistake. It's very frustrating.
12 I've just had a coffee break, and now I must _______________ with my work.
13 Peter is always trying to impress people. He's always _______________.
14 We decided not to go into the museum. We were _______________ by the cost of tickets.
Complete the sentences. Use the following verbs (in the correct form) + on or off. Sometimes you will need other words as well:
Key.2 finish it off
3 were ripped off
4 go off
5 did you get on
6 carried on (playing) / went on (playing)
7 tell them off
8 doesn't get on (well) with
B: Fine, thanks. It's going very well.
2 A: Have you written the letter you had to write?
B: I've started it. I'll ________________ in the morning.
3 A: We took a taxi to the airport. It cost £40.
B: £40! Normally it costs about £20. You ________________.
4 A: Why were you late for work this morning?
B: I overslept. My alarm clock didn't ________________.
5 A: How ________________ in your interview? Do you think you'll get the job?
B: I hope so. The interview was OK.
6 A: Did you stop playing tennis when it started to rain?
B: No, we ________________. The rain wasn't very heavy.
7 A: Some children at the next table in the restaurant were behaving very badly.
B: Why didn't their parents ________________?
8 A: Why does Paul want to leave his job?
B: He ________________ his boss.
| ||Unit 140 Unit 141 Unit 142|| |
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